Director for Sport, Exercise and Physiotherapy
I am a Senior Lecturer and the Director of Sport, Exercise and Physiotherapy. Prior to joining the University I worked for a number of years as a Physiotherapist in the NHS and a Rehabilitation Co-ordinator, where I established and worked within a rehabilitation centre for people with complex neurological conditions.
My first step into teaching was at Manchester School of Physiotherapy where I held a student teacher position. I moved to the University of Salford in 1999 holding various positions initially as Programme Leader for the BSc. (Hons) Physiotherapy (full time route) before taking on the position of Co-director of Physiotherapy and more recently Director for Sport, Exercise and Physiotherapy.
I have taught a broad range of subject areas aligned to Physiotherapy during my career. However my main area of interest is neurological rehabilitation. I have a keen interest in learning technologies and the use of blended learning methods.
My research interests are in the use of rehabilitation technologies, with a particular emphasis on the use of Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) to promote recovery of upper limb function post stroke. My PhD examines the challenges faced when taking technologies such as FES into clinical practice and the design of novel FES systems. I have a particular interest in usability and involvement of the public in research.
Qualifications and Memberships
Currently studying for a PhD (University of Salford)
MSc. Rehabilitation Medicine (University of Newcastle Upon Tyne)
Grad. Dip Physiotherapy (University of Salford0
Certificate in Education (Wigan & Leigh College)
Member of the Health Care Professions Council
Member of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
1)Cozens J.A, Jackson T, Henderson K, Brough S, Bhakta B, Makower S.G, van Wijck F, Smith C. (2013). A framework to aid adoption of automated rehabilitation devices into clinical practice. Synthesising and Interpreting Language for Clinical Kinematics (SILCK). International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics. Seattle, Washington, USA.
2)Smith C, Kenney, L, Howard D, Waring K, Williamson T, Taylor P, Batty R. (2011). Eliciting therapists requirements to inform the design of an advanced FES rehabilitation Tool. The First European Conference Design4Health, Sheffield, UK. ISBN: 978-1-84387-352-5
3)Williamson T, Ryan J, Smith C, Kenney L, Howard D, Cooper G, Heller B, Barker T, Matthews M, Good T. (2011). Public involvement in assistive technology research: Evaluation of the impact of a user advisory group on the design of FES for the lower limb. Design4Health, Sheffield, UK
4)Smith C & Williamson T. (2010). Gathering users views for the design of rehabilitation technology devices. AAATE, Sheffield, UK.
5)Martin R, Smith C, Dodgeon J, Supyk J. (2008). The realities of delivering IPE: The oasis in the desert. In proc 1st International IPE Conference, Salford, UK
6)Tresadern P, Thies S, Kenney L, Goulermas J, Smith C, Rigby J, Howard D. (2007) Tools for the design of upper limb FES systems for people with stroke. In Proc 12th World Congress of ISPO, Vancouver, Canada.
7)Kousidou S, Tsagarakis N, Smith C and Caldwell D G. (2007) Task-Orientated Biofeedback System for the Rehabilitation of the Upper Limb, ICORR conference, Pisa, Italy
8)Thies SB, Tresadern P, Kenney L, Howard D, Goulermas JY, Smith C & Rigby J, (2007) Use of an upper limb FES device for a drinking task: 2 case studies, Proc. 12th Int. FES Society Conf., Philadelphia.
9)Thies SB, Tresadern PA, Kenney L, Howard D, Goulermas Y, Smith C, Rigby J A (2006) “A virtual sensor tool to simulate accelerometers for upper limb FES triggering in Proc 5th World Congress Biomechanics, Munich, Germany.
10)Thies SB, Tresadern PA, Kenney L, Howard D, Goulermas Y, Smith C, Rigby J (2006). Comparison of linear accelerations from three measurement systems during “reach & grasp”. In Proc. 9th International Symposium on 3D Analysis of Human Movement, Valenciennes, France.
11)Thies S, Tresadern P, Kenney L, Howard D, Smith C, Rigby J, Goulermas J. (2006). A practical assessment tool for repeatability of upper limb movement in stroke. In Proc Royal Academy of Engineering Futures Meeting, Durham, UK.
12)Smith C, Crozier D, Dean D (2003). The development and evaluation of an integrated CD-ROM / workbook package as part of a vocational degree programme. Education in a Changing Environment: Proceedings of the University of Salford’s Inaugural Learning and Teaching Research Conference, University of Salford.
1)Tresadern P.A, Thies S.B, Kenney L.P.J, Howard D, Smith C, Rigby J. Goulermas J.Y. (2009). Simulating acceleration from stereophotogrammetry for medical device design. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 131 (6) 061002-1
2)Thies S.B, Tresadern P.A, Kenney L.P.J, Smith J, Howard D, Goulermas J.Y., Smith C, Rigby J. (2009). Movement variability in stroke patients and controls performing two upper limb functional tasks: a new assessment methodology. Journal of Neuroengineering and rehabilitation. 6:2.
3)Thies SB, Tresadern PA, Kenney LPJ, Howard D, Goulermas Y, Smith C, Rigby J (2007). Comparison of linear accelerations from three measurement systems during “reach & grasp”. Med Eng Phys; 29(9):967-72
4)Tresadern PA, Thies SB, Kenney L, Goulermas J, Smith C, Rigby J, Howard D. (2007) Acceleration-Based Triggering of Upper-Limb FES Using an Artificial Neural Network. IEEE Trans Biomedical Engineering. .
5)Sander, I, Roberts D.J, Smith C, Otto O, Wolff R, (2006), Impact of method of immersion on the natuuralness and impression of balance and reach activities International Journal on Disability and Human Development (IJDHD). 5(2):163-172. ISSN 1565-012X.
1)Telehealth – Funded by an educational grant from Tunstall Health Care Group
The effects on clinical outcomes, cost effectiveness and the patient experience: a systematic overview of the literature.
1)Smith C, Kenney L, Howard D, Waring K, Sun M, Hardiker N. (2013). The relationship between impairment, functional ability, hand-arm task complexity and set-up difficulty for an Advanced FES Rehab Tool. UKIFESS, Southampton, UK.
2)Smith C, Kenney L, Howard D. (2010). Gathering therapists views for the design of an advanced FES rehabilitation tool for the upper limb after stroke. UKIFESS, Salford, UK.
1)Co-investigator Health Technology Devices (HTD) project (ref HTD 480), “Lycra garments with virtual electrodes for FES.” Partner organizations are: Trulife UK Ltd, Sheffield Hallam University & Sheffield teaching Hospitals. Grant awarded: £426,606. Commenced May 2008 (3 year project)
2)Co-investigator in the Stroke Association project. “A two centre, randomised control trial of an accelerometer triggered Functional Electrical Stimulation device for recovery of upper limb function in chronic stroke patients. Grant awarded: £71,127. Commenced January 2009, (3 year project).
3)Co-investigator (NEAT) “An advanced FES rehabilitation tool for upper limb therapy after stroke.” Collaboration with the National FES Centre, Salisbury, the Universities of Leeds and Aberdeen. Grant awarded: £470,753. Commenced September 2009 (3 year project).
4)Telehealth – The effects on clinical outcomes, cost effectiveness and the patient experience: a systematic overview of the literature Funded by an educational grant from Tunstall Health Care Group Grant awarded: £17,000. Commenced October 2012.
5)Design of a wellbeing programme for Fabry & Gaucher patients. Sponsored by SHIRE pharmaceuticals Grant awarded: £25,487.00. Commenced 2012.
1)Co-author of Neurological Physiotherapy in Tidy’s Physiotherapy 2009 & 2013.