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School of Health and Society

Professor Richard Baker

Professor of Clinical Gait Analysis


Professor Baker spent the first part of his professional life delivering and managing clinical gait analysis services in major tertiary referral hospitals. He spent seven years at the Musgrave Park Hospital in Belfast and then 9 years at the Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne. Whilst in Melbourne he was the founding Director of the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Clinical Gait Analysis. He has recently completed a book “Measuring walking - a practical guide to clinical gait analysis”.



Professor Baker is involved in small amounts of undergraduate and post-graduate teaching. He is leading an EU funded project to establish the world’s first Masters programme in Clinical Gait Analysis which will commence in September 2013.

Research Interests

Professor Baker has wide ranging research interests across clinical biomechanics and the process of clinical gait analysis. He is particularly interested in developing a better understanding of why we walk the way we do and why our patient’s don’t.

Qualifications and Memberships

PhD - University Of Dundee 1994

CEng – Engineering  Council 2001

CSci – Science Council 2004

HPC Registration


Since 2008:

2012                Baker, R., Monitoring walking in health and disease, in Healthcare Sensor Networks: Challenges towards practical implementation, D.T.H. Lai, R. Begg, and M. Palaniswami, Editors. CRC Press: Boca Raton. p. 159-182.

2012                Baker, R., J.L. McGinley, M. Schwartz, P. Thomason, J. Rodda and H.K. Graham, The minimal clinically important difference for the Gait Profile Score. Gait Posture  35(4): 612-615.

2012                Correa, T.A., A.G. Schache, H.K. Graham, R. Baker, P. Thomason and M.G. Pandy, Potential of lower-limb muscles to accelerate the body during cerebral palsy gait. Gait Posture.

2012                Peters, A., R. Baker, M.E. Morris and M. Sangeux, A comparison of hip joint centre localisation techniques with 3-DUS for clinical gait analysis in children with cerebral palsy. Gait Posture.

2012                Rutz, E., E. Passmore, R. Baker and H.K. Graham, Multilevel surgery improves gait in spastic hemiplegia but does not resolve hip dysplasia. Clin Orthop Relat Res  470(5): 1294-302.

2011                Baker, R., Globographic visualisation of three dimensional joint angles. J Biomech  44(10): 1885-91.

2011                Barber, L., T. Hastings-Ison, R. Baker, R. Barrett and G. Lichtwark, Medial gastrocnemius muscle volume and fascicle length in children aged 2 to 5 years with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol  53(6): 543-8.

2011                Correa, T.A., R. Baker, H. Kerr Graham and M.G. Pandy, Accuracy of generic musculoskeletal models in predicting the functional roles of muscles in human gait. J Biomech  44(11): 2096-105.

2011                Dallmeijer, A.J., R. Baker, K.J. Dodd and N.F. Taylor, Association between isometric muscle strength and gait joint kinetics in adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy. Gait Posture  33(3): 326-32.

2011                Dobson, F., M.E. Morris, R. Baker and H.K. Graham, Unilateral cerebral palsy: a population-based study of gait and motor function. Dev Med Child Neurol  53(5): 429-35.

2011                Rutz, E., R. Baker, O. Tirosh, J. Romkes, C. Haase and R. Brunner, Tibialis anterior tendon shortening in combination with Achilles tendon lengthening in spastic equinus in cerebral palsy. Gait Posture  33(2): 152-7.

2011                Sangeux, M., A. Peters and R. Baker, Hip joint centre localization: Evaluation on normal subjects in the context of gait analysis. Gait Posture  34(3): 324-8.

2011                Thomason, P., R. Baker, K. Dodd, N. Taylor, P. Selber, R. Wolfe and H.K. Graham, Single-Event Multilevel Surgery in Children with Spastic Diplegia: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of bone and Joint Surgery - American  93(5): 451-460.

2010                Akbarshahi, M., A.G. Schache, J.W. Fernandez, R. Baker, S. Banks and M.G. Pandy, Non-invasive assessment of soft-tissue artifact and its effect on knee joint kinematics during functional activity. Journal of Biomechanics  43(7): 1292-301.

2010                Beynon, S., J.L. McGinley, F. Dobson and R. Baker, Correlations of the Gait Profile Score and the Movement Analysis Profile relative to clinical judgments. Gait and Posture  32(1): 129-132.

2010                Harvey, A., R. Baker, M.E. Morris, J. Hough, M. Hughes and H.K. Graham, Does parent report measure performance? A study of the construct validity of the Functional Mobility Scale. Dev Med Child Neurol  52: 181-185.

2010                Harvey, A.R., M.E. Morris, H.K. Graham, R. Wolfe and R. Baker, Reliability of the functional mobility scale for children with cerebral palsy. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr  30(2): 139-49.

2010                Martin, E., R. Baker and A.R. Harvey, A systematic review of common physiotherapy interventions in school-aged children with cerebral aplsy. Physical and Occupational Therapy  30(4).

2010                Martin, L., R. Baker and A. Harvey, A systematic review of common physiotherapy interventions in school-aged children with cerebral palsy. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr  30(4): 294-312.

2010                Peters, A., R. Baker and M. Sangeux, Validation of 3-D freehand ultrasound for the determination of the hip joint centre. Gait Posture  31: 530-532.

2010                Peters, A., B. Galna, M. Sangeux, M. Morris and R. Baker, Quantification of soft tissue artifact in lower limb human motion analysis: a systematic review. Gait Posture  31(1): 1-8.

2010                Ridgewell, E., F. Dobson, T. Bach and R. Baker, A systematic review to determine best practice reporting guidelines for AFO interventions in studies involving children with cerebral palsy. Prosthetics and Orthotics International  34(2): 129-45.

2010                Tirosh, O., R. Baker and J. McGinley, GaitaBase: Web-based repository system for gait analysis. Comput Biol Med  40(2): 201-207.

2009                Baker, R., J.L. McGinley, M.H. Schwartz, S. Beynon, A. Rozumalski, H.K. Graham and O. Tirosh, The gait profile score and movement analysis profile. Gait Posture  30(3): 265-9.

2009                Harvey, A., H. Graham, R. Baker and M. Morris, Responsiveness of the Functional Mobility Scale for children with cerebral palsy. Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences  12(2): 51-58.

2009                Kuo, Y.L., K.M. Culhane, P. Thomason, O. Tirosh and R. Baker, Measuring distance walked and step count in children with cerebral palsy: an evaluation of two portable activity monitors. Gait Posture  29(2): 304-10.

2009                McGinley, J.L., R. Baker, R. Wolfe and M.E. Morris, The reliability of three-dimensional kinematic gait measurements: a systematic review. Gait and Posture  29(3): 360-9.

2009                Peters, A., M. Sangeux, M.E. Morris and R. Baker, Determination of the optimal locations of surface-mounted markers on the tibial segment. Gait Posture  29(1): 42-8.

2009                Robin, J., H.K. Graham, R. Baker, P.Selber, P. Simpson, S. Symons and P. Thomason, A classification system for hip disease in cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol  51(3): 183-92.

2009                Schache, A.G., T.V. Wrigley, R. Baker and M.G. Pandy, Biomechanical response to hamstring muscle strain injury. Gait Posture  29(2): 332-8.

2009                Wong, A.Y., M. Sangeux and R. Baker, Calculation of joint moments following foot contact across two force plates. Gait Posture  31(2): 292-293.

2008                Harvey, A., J. Robin, M.E. Morris, H.K. Graham and R. Baker, A systematic review of measures of activity limitation for children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol  50(3): 190-8.

2008                Huxham, F., R. Baker, M.E. Morris and R. Iansek, Head and trunk rotation during walking turns in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord  23(10): 1391-7.

2008                Huxham, F., R. Baker, M.E. Morris and R. Iansek, Footstep adjustments used to turn during walking in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord  23(6): 817-23.

2008                Robin, J., H.K. Graham, P. Selber, F. Dobson, K. Smith and R. Baker, Proximal femoral geometry in cerebral palsy: a population-based cross-sectional study. J Bone Joint Surg Br  90(10): 1372-9.