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School of Health and Society

Dr Sara Grace

Lecturer in Criminology


Sara joined the University of Salford in 2014, having previously held lecturing posts at the University of Bradford and the University of Sheffield. Her PhD research examined the use and impact of penalty notices for disorder, with a particular focus on officers’ use of this power to control disorder in the night-time economy (NTE). More broadly, Sara’s research interests are focused on summary justice, police discretion, procedural fairness and neighbourhood policing.

Sara currently holds a Vice-Chancellor’s Early Career Research Scholarship. This £2,000 award will aid the development of her research agenda on procedural fairness in the policing of the NTE.



  • Becoming a Social Scientist (Module Leader)
  • Criminal Justice and Human Rights (Module Leader)
  • Crime, Conflict and Society
  • Policing and Social Control


  • Processing Criminal Justice

Teaching interests:

  • Criminal justice
  • Policing
  • Research methods

Research Interests

  • Police discretion
  • Procedural justice 
  • Police legitimacy
  • Penalty notices for disorder
  • Neighbourhood policing
  • Policing the night-time economy
  • Crime prevention and community safety
  • Mixed-methods research

Qualifications and Memberships

2006: BA (Hons) Law and Criminology (Universityof Sheffield)

2009: International Criminology (University of Sheffield)

2014: PhD Criminology (University of Sheffield)

2016: Postgraduate Teaching Certificate (University of Salford)

PGCert Academic Practice, University of Salford, 2016


Member of the British Society of Criminology (BSC)

Member of the BSC Policing Network Steering Committee


Grace, S. (2015). 'Police et évaluation des performances Étude de cas sur les penalty notices for disorder, Les cahiers de la sécurité et de la justice, 32, pp.22-36

Grace, S. (2014). ‘Swift, Simple, Effective Justice’? Identifying the aims of Penalty Notices for Disorder and whether these have been realised in practice, The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 53(1), pp. 69-82

Grace, S. (2013). Police decision making and the drunk: Exploring penalty notices for disorder, In: Ponsears, P., Crawford, A., de Maillard, J., Shapland, J. and Verhage, A. GERN Research Paper Series Vol. 1, Crime, violence, justice and social order: Monitoring Contemporary Security Issues Antwerp: Maklu

Complete list

Postgraduate research

  • Policing
  • Summary Justice
  • Anti-social behaviour