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Salford Business School

Dr David Kreps

Reader in Philosophy of Information Systems


Dr David Kreps, former Director of Information Systems, Organisations and Society Research Centre (ISOS) 2009-12, is an 'early adopter', pioneering thinker and commentator, with a fascination for technology and its impact upon society. A web developer since 1995, (making probably the first Arts Centre Website in the UK) he did his PhD thesis on Cyborgism, and has become an expert in Web Accessibility, and explorer into the philosophy of Virtuality, and Cultural Identity in the Socially Networked society.

Industry Contacts and Activities

Dr Kreps was founding Director of the Development & Enterprise Unit for the Faculty of Business, Law and the Built Environment between Aug 06 and Jan 08.  Manchester Digital, the region's trade association for New Media and IT organisations, has appointed Dr Kreps as Accessibility and Web Standards expert on the Judges Panel for the Big Chip Awards, the regional awards for the Digital Industry, every year since 2006. Dr Kreps works with a number of the companies in the region's Digital Sector.


In the 1980s, David worked as a jobbing actor in fringe and community theatre. See for a retrospective.

During the 1990s, as an Arts Centre Director for Tamworth Borough Council, and then Portsmouth City Council, and as Chairman of Kaos Theatre UK from 1997 to 2008, and of Horse and Bamboo Theatre company from 2009 to 2012 , David has gained invaluable experience in leading a wide range of projects in the public sector.

As a technician, he has been making websites for not-for-profit organisations since 1995 and in 2000 began to do so commercially. David has been responsible over the last decade for the production of a range of websites for clients in both Manchester and further afield, and has provided CSS and Accessibility expertise to many other Web Developers through Training courses and seminars.

Alongside his arts management, web development, and business interests, building on a Bachelors in Theatre and Arts Management, David undertook a part-time Masters in Cultural Theory during the mid 90s, specialising in Cybersociety, and between 1998 and 2003 undertook extensive research in this field, culminating in the award in January 2004 of a PhD from the University of Salford, for his doctoral thesis on Cyborgs. In the same month, he joined the Information Systems Institute (now part of the Salford Business School) full time, after several years working part-time for them.


Alongside delivering Web Standards based Web Development modules for undergraduates in the Operations and Information Management unit of the Salford Business School for many years, Dr Kreps was creator and deliverer of the first MSc eGovernance in the UK (which ran between 2004/05 and 07/08).  Dr Kreps was the Postgraduate Programme Leader for the Information Systems Masters programmes in the Salford Business School from Feb 08 to Sept 10. 

He currently teaches on

  • Mobile Application Development (UG)
  • Information Systems (PG)
  • Operations and Information Management (PG)

Research Interests

Dr Kreps' areas of research interest fall broadly under the umbrella of Information Society. He is interested in all aspects of virtuality, and has established a reputation in eAccessibility. His background in Cultural Studies and Sociology bring a critical and philosophical approach to his research in Information Systems. His doctoral thesis focused on the phenomenon of Cyborgism in contemporary society, through interviews with disabled and performance and interactive artists exploring this field, and with reference to the exoskeletal ambitions of the US military.

Dr Kreps is currently pursuing a number of research directions including:

  • How critical theorists and philosophers such as Gramsci, Foucault and Bergson can be reassessed in light of the developments in systems theory generally referred to as Complexity Theory. 
  • How these concerns play out in User Experience contexts


David is Chair of the IFIP WG 9.5 on Virtuality and Society and a member of the IFIP TC9 Committee. He was Programme Chair of the 'Virtual Technologies and Social Shaping' track of the 9th Human Choice and Computers Conference (HCC9) which was part of the World Computer Congress in Brisbane in September 2010, one of the Programme Committee for 2014’s HCC11 in Turku, Finland, and Chair of the upcoming HCC12 - “Technology and Intimacy: Choice or coercion” which will be held at MediaCityUK September 2016.
As a founder member of the Association of Information Systems’ Special Interest Group on Social Inclusion (SIGSI), he was Programme Chair of the 'Masculinities and ICT' Minitrack of the Americas Conference on Information Systems in Lima, Peru August 2010. He has delivered papers at conferences in many countries around the world.

David is a Senior Editor of the (ABS 3*) journal Information Technology and People


As well as writing about the philosophical and political issues around Complexity and Virtuality, Dr Kreps has written a number of academic papers on the ethical and social dimensions of Web Accessibility, and was one of two speakers at the Parliamentary IT Committee (PITCOM) on "ICT for the Socially Excluded" at the House of Commons, London, in 2006.

2015 sees the publication of two books: a collection of essays entitled ‘Gramsci and Foucault: A Reassessment’ edited by Dr Kreps, published by Ashgate in February 2015; and a monograph entitled Bergson, Complexity and Creative Emergence  published in August 2015.

Funded Research

In 2006 Dr Kreps was awarded over £80k by the European Social Fund to undertake a research project entitled "Combating eDiscrimination in the North West."

In 2008 David brought over £300k into Salford University winning a place as partner in a consortium for a Europe-wide project, DEHEMS led by Manchester City Council, aimed at improving awareness of home energy usage, and bringing about behaviour change for a reduced carbon footprint.

In July 2014 Dr Kreps began a £120k two year Knowledge Transfer Partnership, with funding awarded by the ESRC and the TSB, with the Macclesfield based company, Sigma UK, to explore User Experience research.

PhD Supervision

I am currently supervising doctoral students on the following topics:

critical approaches to social media; critical understanding of ICTs in organisational contexts; digital inclusion of over 65s; privacy, surveillance and intimacy of wearable technology.

I would be interested in supervising future doctoral students in:

the general area of the philosophy of information systems, critical approaches to information systems, digital inclusion, and societal impacts of the internet of things.

Qualifications and Memberships

  • PhD Sociology of Technology, University of Salford 1998-2004
  • MA Cultural Studies,University of Salford 1995-1998
  • BA (Hons) Theatre & Arts Management, Dartington College of Arts (University of Plymouth) 1991-1994
  • PGCAP Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice, University of Salford 2012-13
  • SFHEA – Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy




Special Issues


  • Kreps, D (2011) Social Networking and Transnational Capitalism tripleC - Cognition, Communication, Co-operation9(2): 689-701
  • Emmanouilidou, M & Kreps, D (2010) A framework for accessible m-government implementation Electronic Government, an International Journal 7(3)
  • Kreps, D (2010) My Social Networking Profile: Copy, Resemblance, or Simulacrum? A Poststructuralist Interpretation of Social Information Systems, European Journal of Information Systems 19 p104-115
  • Adam, A & Kreps, D (2009) 'Disability and Discourses of Web Accessibility' Information Communication and Society Taylor and Francis [InformaWorld]
  • Wheeler, P & Kreps, D (2008) 'User Testing is Not a Luxury' Electronic Markets - The International Journal Routledge, London Vol. 18, Issue 4 InformaWorld
  • Kreps, D & Richardson, H (2007) 'IS Success and Failure: The Problem of Scale', in Political Quarterly Vol 78 Issue 3 Blackwell
  • Adam, A & Kreps, D (2006) 'Enabling or Disabling Technologies?: A Critical Approach to Web Accessibility' inInformation Technology and People [pdf]

Books Chapters

  • Kreps, D. (2015) ‘The complexity of social systems:  Could hegemony emerge from the micropolitics of the individual?’ in Kreps, D. (Ed.) (2015) Gramsci and Foucault: A Reassessment Ashgate Publishing
  • Kreps, D (2014) 'Virtuality and Humanity' Chapter in Grimshaw, M (Ed.) Oxford Handbook of Virtuality Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Kreps, D (2013) 'Performing the Discourse of Sexuality Online' Chapter in Warburton, S. & Hatzipanagos, S (Eds.) Digital Identity and Social Media London: Information Science Reference, an imprint of IGI Global
  • Kreps, D and Pearson, E (2009) 'Community as Commodity: Social networking and transnational capitalism' Chapter in Virtual Social Networks: Mediated, Massive and Multiplayer sites Ed: Niki Panteli (Palgrave) Amazon
  • Kreps, D (2008) 'Virtuality: Time, Space, Conciousness and a Second Life' Chapter in Exploring Virtuality: Social, Global and Local Dimensions Eds: Niki Panteli and Mike Chiasson (Palgrave) Amazon
  • Kreps, D & Adam, A (2006) 'Failing the Disabled Community?: The Continuing Problem of Web Accessibility' inAdvances in Universal Web Design Idea Group [pdf]|Amazon
  • Adam, A & Kreps, D (2006) 'Web Accessibility: A Digital Divide for the Disabled?' Transactions of IFIP 8.2, Social Inclusion: Societal & Organizational Implications for Information Systems, Volume 208 Springer[pdf]


Conference appearances include:

  • Kreps, D., Blaynee, J., Kutar, M., & Griffiths, M. (2015) ‘KTP and RRI: The Perfect Match’ at ETHICOMP De Montfort University, Leicester, UK, 7th-9th September 2015.
  • Kreps, D (2015) ‘Gramsci and Foucault: Hegemony in the Global Episteme’ at Inaugural Conference on Cultural Political Economy, Lancaster, UK, 1st-2nd September 2015
  • Kreps, D (2015) ‘The Performance of Sexuality On-Line: Internet Pornography and Sexual Identity in the Age of Sexual Freedom’ Panel with Karen Boyle and Heather Brunskell-Evans at MeCCSA 2015, Newcastle, UK, January 2015
  • Kreps, D (2014) ‘WhatsApp? Even private chatter now exploited by billionaires’ Paper delivered at Challenging Media Landscapes conference, as part of Salford Media Festival, November 2014
  • Kreps, D (2014) ‘The Time of our Lives: Understanding Irreversible Complex User Experiences’ Paper delivered at HCC11, Turku, Finland, July 2014
  • Kreps, D (2012) 'In/visibility of LGBTQ People in the Arab Spring'. Paper delivered at CATaC'12 Aarhus, Denmark, June 2012 [Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2011) 'Virtual, Phenomenal, Real and Mobile'. Paper delivered at  17th Society for Philosophy and Technology Denton, Texas, May 2011 [Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2011) ‘Socialmedia and Transnational Capitalism’. Paper delivered at Media Communications & Cultural Studies Association conference (MeCCSA) Salford, UK, Jan 2011.
  • Kreps, D & Fletcher, G (2010) #uksnow: webscience weather watch. IR11 Gothenberg, Sweden.[Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2010) Introducing Eco-Masculinities: 'How a masculine discursive subject approach to the Individual Differences Theory of Gender and IT impacts an environmental informatics project' Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS) Nominated for Best Paper [Presentation] Lima, Peru, August 2010
  • Kreps, David; Sundramoorthy, Vasughi; Cooper, Grahame; Takruri-Rizk, Haifa; and Linge, Nigel, "Harnessing the Link between ICT Domestication and Behaviour Change for Carbon Footprint Reduction in the Home" (2010). AMCIS 2010 Proceedings. Paper 279.poster at AMCIS 2010, Lima, Peru
  • Kreps, D (2010) 'Grindr: immoderation vs. sin in the global virtual gay bar' Digital Cultures - July 2010, Manchester [Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2010) 'Foucault, Exhibitionism and Voyeurism on ChatRoulette' Cultural Attitudes Towards Technology and Communication (CATaC'10) Vancouver, Canada, June 2010.[Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2009) 'Performing the Discourse of Sexuality Online: Foucault, Butler, and Video-sharing on Sexual Social Networking Sites' Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS) San Francisco Aug 09 [usir]
  • Kreps, D (2009) Virtual Oversight Over Transnational Capitalism: XBRL metadata and renewed government control of the global economy. IFIP 9.5 WG Workshop, 'Images of Virtuality', Athens, Greece [usir]
  • Kreps, D (2009) 'user_id: cultural theory and information systems' poster at WebSci09, Athens, Greece
  • Kreps, D (2008) 'How the Web Continues to Fail People with Disabilities' paper at ALT-C Leeds, UK [pdf]
  • Kreps, D and Pearson E (2008) 'Community as Commodity' paper at IFIP9.5 Leuphana, Germany [pdf]
  • Kreps, D (2008) 'My Facebook Profile: Copy, Resemblance or Simulacrum' paper at ECIS, Galway, Ireland[pdf]
  • Kreps, D & Wheeler, P (2007) 'Language, Technology & the Body: Critical Research into Disability, Impairment & Web Accessibility for UK JobSeekers' paper at ICIS, Montreal, Canada[pdf]
  • Adam, A & Kreps, D (2006) 'Inscribing Disability: Web Accessibility and Discourses of Social Inclusion' paper at ICS Symposium, York, UK
  • Kreps, D (2005) 'The Visually Impaired Website: Representing Disability on the World Wide Web' paper at Disability Studies conference, Lancaster, UK