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Salford Business School

Dr David Kreps

Interim Associate Dean Research & Innovation


I am Chair, International Federation for Information Processing’s Technical Committee 9 on ICT and Society [] and was a British Academy Mid-Career Fellow in 2018.  I am an 'early adopter', pioneering thinker and commentator, with a fascination for technology and its impact upon society. A web developer since 1995, (making probably the first Arts Centre Website in the UK) I completed my PhD thesis on Cyborgism, in 2003, and thereafter became an expert in Web Accessibility, and explorer into the philosophy of Virtuality, and Cultural Identity in the Socially Networked society. I was formerly Director of Information Systems, Organisations and Society Research Centre (ISOS) 2009-12.  I took up the role of Interim Associate Dean Research & Innovation in Salford Business School in 2019.

My books include Against Nature: The Metaphysics of Information Systems (Routledge); Bergson, Complexity and Creative Emergence (Palgrave), Gramsci and Foucault: A Reassessment (Routledge), This Changes Everything: ICT and Climate Change – What Can We Do? (Springer) and Technology and Intimacy: Choice or Coercion (Springer).

Industry Contacts and Activities

Manchester Digital, the region's trade association for New Media and IT organizations, has appointed me as Accessibility and Web Standards expert on the Judges Panel for the Big Chip Awards [], the regional awards for the Digital Industry, every year since 2006. I work with a number of the companies in the region's Digital Sector and ran a Knowledge Transfer Partnership with SigmaUK Ltd [] between 2014 and 2016.


In the 1980s, I worked as a jobbing actor in fringe and community theatre. See for a retrospective.

During the 1990s, as an Arts Centre Director for Tamworth Borough Council, and then Portsmouth City Council, and as Chairman of Kaos Theatre UK from 1997 to 2008, and of Horse and Bamboo Theatre company from 2009 to 2012, I have gained invaluable experience in leading a wide range of projects in the public sector.

As a technician, I have been making websites for not-for-profit organisations since 1995 and in 2000 began to do so commercially. I have been responsible for the production of a range of websites for clients in both Manchester and further afield and have provided CSS and Accessibility expertise to many other Web Developers through Training courses and seminars. I ran two-day courses for Salford Professional Development on Web and Wordpress for many years.

Alongside my arts management, web development, and business interests, building on a Bachelors in Theatre and Arts Management, I undertook a part-time Masters in Cultural Theory during the mid 90s, specializing in Cybersociety, and between 1998 and 2003 undertook extensive research in this field, culminating in the award in January 2004 of a PhD from the University of Salford, for my doctoral thesis on Cyborgs. In the same month, I joined the Information Systems Institute (now part of the Salford Business School) full time, after several years working part-time for them.  I have since undertaken, part-time, a PG Certificate in Academic Practice, and a Masters in Philosophy.


Alongside delivering Web Standards based Web Development modules for undergraduates in the Operations and Information Management unit of the Salford Business School for many years, I was creator and deliverer of the first MSc eGovernance in the UK (which ran between 2004/05 and 07/08).  I was the Postgraduate Programme Leader for the Information Systems Masters programmes in the Salford Business School from Feb 2008 to Sept 2010. 

I have been teaching for the last several years on

  • Information Systems (PG)
  • Operations and Information Management (PG)

For the whole of 2018 I focused 100% on my British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship project.

Research Interests

My specialism is in Philosophy of Information Systems, with a growing focus on ICT and Sustainability.  My areas of research interest fall broadly under the umbrella of Information Society, and specifically of Digital Business. I am interested in all aspects of virtuality and have established a reputation in eAccessibility. My background in the Arts, Cultural Studies and Sociology bring a critical and philosophical approach to my research in Information Systems. I am currently pursuing a multi-year research programme looking into how philosophers such as Bergson and Whitehead can be reassessed in light of the developments in systems theory generally referred to as Complexity Theory and applied to contemporary Information Systems.

As well as writing about the philosophical and political issues around Complexity and Virtuality, I have written a number of academic papers on the ethical and social dimensions of Web Accessibility and was one of two speakers at the Parliamentary IT Committee (PITCOM) on "ICT for the Socially Excluded" at the House of Commons, London, in 2006.

In 2018 I published Against Nature: The Metaphysics of Information Systems [] (Routledge), a polemical warning concerning how the Digital is complicit in a global economy driving climate change.


I am Chair of the International Federation for Information Processing’s Technical Committee 9 on ICT and Society (IFIP TC9). []   I was Chair, from 2013 to 2018, of the IFIP Working Group (WG) 9.5 on Virtuality and Society. I was Chair of the International Conference on Human Choice and Computers (HCC12) “Technology and Intimacy: Choice or coercion” held at MediaCityUK September 2016, and also Chair of HCC13 “This Changes Everything” held in Poznan, Poland, September 2018. 

I have delivered papers at conferences in many countries around the world.

I am a Senior Editor of the (ABS 3*) journal Information Technology and People []

Funded Research

2018 (£106k): In August 2017 I was awarded a British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship for the twelve months of 2018, to undertake a project entitled: “Understanding Digital Events: A philosophical and sociological study of virtual experience in the everyday” The outputs from this project include two books due for publication in 2019/20, both concerning Bergson, Whitehead, and our understanding of the Digital.

2014-2016 (£125k): From July 2014 to September 2016 I ran a two year Knowledge Transfer Partnership, with funding awarded by the ESRC and the TSB, with the Macclesfield based company, Sigma UK, [] to explore User Experience research.

2008-2011 (£300k): In 2008 I won Salford a place as partner in a consortium for a Europe-wide project, DEHEMS led by Manchester City Council, aimed at improving awareness of home energy usage, and bringing about behaviour change for a reduced carbon footprint.

2007 (£80k): In 2006 I was awarded a grant by the European Social Fund to undertake a 12month research project entitled "Combating eDiscrimination in the North West."

Qualifications and Memberships

  • MA Philosophy, Open University 2015-2018
  • PGCAP Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice, University of Salford 2012-2013
  • PhD Sociology of Technology, University of Salford 1998-2004
  • MA Cultural Studies, University of Salford 1995-1998
  • BA (Hons) Theatre & Arts Management, Dartington College of Arts (University of Plymouth) 1991-1994
  • SFHEA – Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • MAIS – Member 




Edited Collections

  • Kreps, D., Ess, C., Leenen, L., and Kimppa, K., (eds.) (2018) This Changes Everything: ICT and Climate Change: What Can We Do? 13th IFIP TC9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC13 2018, Poznan, Poland, September 19-21, 2018, Proceedings. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International.
  • Kreps, D, Fletcher, G, and Griffiths, M., (eds.) (2016) Technology and Intimacy: Choice or Coercion 12th IFIP TC9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC12 2016, Salford, UK, September 7-9, 2016, Proceedings. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International.
  • Kreps, D (Ed.) (2015) Gramsci and Foucault: A Reassessment Routledge Publishing [Amazon]


Special Issues


  • Kreps, D, and Burmeister, O.K. (2019) ‘I am a Person: 'I am a person : a review of value sensitive design for cognitive declines of ageing, interpreted through the lens of personhood' , Orbit  (In Press)
  • Kreps, D (2018) ‘Power influences upon technology design for age-related cognitive decline using the VSD framework’ Ethics and Information Technology
  • Kreps, D (2011) Social Networking and Transnational Capitalism tripleC - Cognition, Communication, Co-operation9(2): 689-701
  • Emmanouilidou, M & Kreps, D (2010) A framework for accessible m-government implementation Electronic Government, an International Journal 7(3)
  • Kreps, D (2010) My Social Networking Profile: Copy, Resemblance, or Simulacrum? A Poststructuralist Interpretation of Social Information Systems, European Journal of Information Systems 19 p104-115
  • Adam, A & Kreps, D (2009) 'Disability and Discourses of Web Accessibility' Information Communication and Society Taylor and Francis [InformaWorld]
  • Wheeler, P & Kreps, D (2008) 'User Testing is Not a Luxury' Electronic Markets - The International Journal Routledge, London Vol. 18, Issue 4 InformaWorld
  • Kreps, D & Richardson, H (2007) 'IS Success and Failure: The Problem of Scale', in Political Quarterly Vol 78 Issue 3 Blackwell
  • Adam, A & Kreps, D (2006) 'Enabling or Disabling Technologies?: A Critical Approach to Web Accessibility' inInformation Technology and People [pdf]

Book Chapters

  • Kreps, D., Ess, C., Leenen, L., and Kimppa, K., (2018) ‘This Changes Everything’, in Kreps, D., Ess, C., Leenen, L., and Kimppa, K., (eds.) This Changes Everything: ICT and Climate Change: What Can We Do? 13th IFIP TC9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC13 2018, Poznan, Poland, September 19-21, 2018, Proceedings. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International.
  • Poulsen, A., Burmeister, O.K., Kreps, D., (2018) The Ethics of Inherent Trust in Care Robots for the Elderly, in Kreps, D., Ess, C., Leenen, L., and Kimppa, K., (eds.) (2018) This Changes Everything: ICT and Climate Change: What Can We Do? 13th IFIP TC9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC13 2018, Poznan, Poland, September 19-21, 2018, Proceedings. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International.
  • Kreps, D (2017) ‘Matter and Memory and Deep Learning’ in Yasushi Hirai, Hisashi Fujita, Shin Abiko (eds.) Berukuson Busshitsu to Kioku wo Shindan suru: Jikan Keiken no Tetsugaku, Ishiki no Kagaku, Bigaku, Rinrigaku eno Tenkai (Diagnoses of Bergson’s Matter and Memory: Developments Towards the Philosophy of Temporal Experience, Sciences of Consciousness, Aesthetics, and Ethics). Tokyo: Shoshi Shinsui
  • Kreps, D. (2015) ‘The complexity of social systems:  Could hegemony emerge from the micropolitics of the individual?’ in Kreps, D. (Ed.) (2015) Gramsci and Foucault: A Reassessment Ashgate Publishing
  • Kreps, D (2014) 'Virtuality and Humanity' Chapter in Grimshaw, M (Ed.) Oxford Handbook of Virtuality Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Kreps, D (2013) 'Performing the Discourse of Sexuality Online' Chapter in Warburton, S. & Hatzipanagos, S (Eds.) Digital Identity and Social Media London: Information Science Reference, an imprint of IGI Global
  • Kreps, D and Pearson, E (2009) 'Community as Commodity: Social networking and transnational capitalism' Chapter in Virtual Social Networks: Mediated, Massive and Multiplayer sites Ed: Niki Panteli (Palgrave) Amazon
  • Kreps, D (2008) 'Virtuality: Time, Space, Conciousness and a Second Life' Chapter in Exploring Virtuality: Social, Global and Local Dimensions Eds: Niki Panteli and Mike Chiasson (Palgrave) Amazon
  • Kreps, D & Adam, A (2006) 'Failing the Disabled Community?: The Continuing Problem of Web Accessibility' inAdvances in Universal Web Design Idea Group [pdf]|Amazon
  • Adam, A & Kreps, D (2006) 'Web Accessibility: A Digital Divide for the Disabled?' Transactions of IFIP 8.2, Social Inclusion: Societal & Organizational Implications for Information Systems, Volume 208 Springer[pdf]

Conference appearances include:

  • Kreps, D. (2018) Infomateriality. International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS) San Francisco, USA, 13th-16th December 2018
  • Kreps, D., and Muirhead, J., (2018) Infomateriality: Whitehead and Digital Experience amongst the Over 65s, EASST Lancaster University, UK, 25th-28th July 2018
  • Kreps, D., and Burmeister, O.K., (2017) ‘I am a Person: A review of value sensitive design for cognitive declines of ageing, interpreted through the lens of personhood’. ETHICOMP 2017, Turin, Italy, 5-8 June 2017
  • Kreps, D., (2016) Reassessing the Nature of IS. International Conference on Information Systems 2016, Dublin, Ireland, 11-14 December 2016 – Nominated for Best Theory Paper.
  • Kreps, D (2016) Matter and Memory and Deep Learning, Diagnoses of Matter and Memory: Bergson and the Problems of Brain, Time and Memory’ 8th International Colloquium of Project Bergson in Japan, in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan, 10th-13th November 2016.
  • Kreps, D., Blaynee, J., and Burmeister, O., (2016) ‘Skeuomorphic Reassurance: Personhood, Dementia, and Gerontechnology’ in David Kreps, Gordon Fletcher, Marie Griffiths (Eds.) Technology and Intimacy: Choice or Coercion. 12th IFIP TC9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers 2016, Salford, UK, September 7-9, 2016, Proceedings Cham, Switzerland: Springer International
  • Kreps, D. (2016) ‘An encounter between Gramsci, Marx, Foucault and Bergson’ at 2nd International Conference on Cultural Political Economy: Putting Culture in its Place in Political Economy Bristol University, Bristol, UK, 25th-26th August 2016.
  • Kreps, D (2016) ‘Durée Réelle : microphysical indetermination : creative emergence’ at Deleuze Studies Conference 2016: Virtuality : Becoming : Life, Rome, Italy, 11-13 July, 2016
  • Kreps, D., Blaynee, J., Kutar, M., & Griffiths, M. (2015) ‘KTP and RRI: The Perfect Match’ at ETHICOMP De Montfort University, Leicester, UK, 7th-9th September 2015.
  • Kreps, D (2015) ‘Gramsci and Foucault: Hegemony in the Global Episteme’ at Inaugural Conference on Cultural Political Economy, Lancaster, UK, 1st-2ndSeptember 2015
  • Kreps, D (2015) ‘The Performance of Sexuality On-Line: Internet Pornography and Sexual Identity in the Age of Sexual Freedom’ Panel with Karen Boyle and Heather Brunskell-Evans at MeCCSA 2015, Newcastle, UK, January 2015
  • Kreps, D (2014) ‘WhatsApp? Even private chatter now exploited by billionaires’ Paper delivered at Challenging Media Landscapes conference, as part of Salford Media Festival, November 2014
  • Kreps, D (2014) ‘The Time of our Lives: Understanding Irreversible Complex User Experiences’ Paper delivered at HCC11, Turku, Finland, July 2014
  • Kreps, D (2012) 'In/visibility of LGBTQ People in the Arab Spring'. Paper delivered at CATaC'12 Aarhus, Denmark, June 2012 [Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2011) 'Virtual, Phenomenal, Real and Mobile'. Paper delivered at  17th Society for Philosophy and Technology Denton, Texas, May 2011 [Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2011) ‘Socialmedia and Transnational Capitalism’. Paper delivered at Media Communications & Cultural Studies Association conference (MeCCSA) Salford, UK, Jan 2011.
  • Kreps, D & Fletcher, G (2010) #uksnow: webscience weather watch. IR11 Gothenberg, Sweden.[Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2010) Introducing Eco-Masculinities: 'How a masculine discursive subject approach to the Individual Differences Theory of Gender and IT impacts an environmental informatics project' Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCISNominated for Best Paper [Presentation]Lima, Peru, August 2010
  • Kreps, David; Sundramoorthy, Vasughi; Cooper, Grahame; Takruri-Rizk, Haifa; and Linge, Nigel, "Harnessing the Link between ICT Domestication and Behaviour Change for Carbon Footprint Reduction in the Home" (2010). AMCIS 2010 Proceedings. Paper 279.poster at AMCIS 2010, Lima, Peru
  • Kreps, D (2010) 'Grindr: immoderation vs. sin in the global virtual gay bar' Digital Cultures - July 2010, Manchester [Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2010) 'Foucault, Exhibitionism and Voyeurism on ChatRoulette' Cultural Attitudes Towards Technology and Communication (CATaC'10) Vancouver, Canada, June 2010.[Presentation]
  • Kreps, D (2009) 'Performing the Discourse of Sexuality Online: Foucault, Butler, and Video-sharing on Sexual Social Networking Sites' Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS) San Francisco Aug 09 [usir]
  • Kreps, D (2009) Virtual Oversight Over Transnational Capitalism: XBRL metadata and renewed government control of the global economy. IFIP 9.5 WG Workshop, 'Images of Virtuality', Athens, Greece [usir]
  • Kreps, D (2009) 'user_id: cultural theory and information systems' poster at WebSci09, Athens, Greece
  • Kreps, D (2008) 'How the Web Continues to Fail People with Disabilities' paper at ALT-C Leeds, UK [pdf]
  • Kreps, D and Pearson E (2008) 'Community as Commodity' paper at IFIP9.5 Leuphana, Germany [pdf]
  • Kreps, D (2008) 'My Facebook Profile: Copy, Resemblance or Simulacrum' paper at ECIS, Galway, Ireland[pdf]
  • Kreps, D & Wheeler, P (2007) 'Language, Technology & the Body: Critical Research into Disability, Impairment & Web Accessibility for UK JobSeekers' paper at ICIS, Montreal, Canada[pdf]
  • Adam, A & Kreps, D (2006) 'Inscribing Disability: Web Accessibility and Discourses of Social Inclusion' paper at ICS Symposium, York, UK
  • Kreps, D (2005) 'The Visually Impaired Website: Representing Disability on the World Wide Web' paper at Disability Studies conference, Lancaster, UK


Postgraduate research

I am currently supervising doctoral students on the following topics:

  • critical approaches to information systems, including social media;
  • critical understanding of ICTs in organisational contexts;
  • digital inclusion of over 65s;
  • privacy, surveillance and intimacy of wearable technology
  • the general area of the philosophy of information systems, critical approaches to information systems, digital inclusion, and societal impacts of the internet of things.