Undergraduate BSc (Hons)

Criminology with Counselling

School of Health and Society





Three year

Six year

Next enrolment

September 2021


In a nutshell

Criminology is concerned with what behaviour is defined as criminal and who has the power to define what constitutes crime. Criminology is commonly misconceived and confused with other subject areas like forensic science. Although criminology does, of course, explore crime, the focus is on the causes of crime and deviant behaviour, how this affects society and how the criminal justice system responds to this, rather than on crime scene analysis, forensics and criminal investigation.

Criminology is a research-led degree and develops students into analytical and critical thinkers. It explores crime as a social construct, asking important questions such as: What are the individual and societal causes of crime and deviant behaviour? Who in society is more likely to commit a crime? Does offender rehabilitation work? Who is likely to become a victim of crime? Why are some dangerous behaviours criminal and other aren't? And how does media attention and reporting impact crime and deviance? Criminologists are also interested in how to prevent crime, the purpose and effectiveness of punishment and how the criminal justice system can better respond to crime when it does take place.

This course uniquely combines criminology with counselling studies – two disciplines which are vital to the criminal justice system. Counselling has an important and expanding role in attending to the victims of crime, addressing some of the causes of offending, reducing re-offending, seeking restorative justice, and alleviating stress among criminal justice practitioners.

You will:
  • Develop strong analytical and critical thinking skills
  • Gain the skills to carry out your own research, to apply a critical mind to contemporary social problems, and to adopt an empathetic and supportive stance to those suffering from harm
  • Have the opportunity to do a placement in a subject-relevant area and to use the engagement with practitioners to reflect on, and develop, your career plans
  • Graduate with a degree and the competency to practice counselling skills at certificate level
  • Benefit from our strong links with criminal justice institutions and professionals working in the sector
  • Be taught by research active staff who ensure that module content aligns with current social science happenings, controversies and debates

options available


students accepted

This is for you if...


You are fascinated by crime and its occurrence


You have a critical mind (with a sprinkling of scepticism)


You have a strong desire to help other people


You are naturally inquisitive and enjoy solving problems


You want to make a difference


You are interested in the role of counselling in the criminal justice system

Course details

All about the course

This course draws upon the existing provision within criminology and counselling at Salford to provide you with a solid grounding in both. Core modules cover general theories and key studies in each discipline, together with criminological research methods and counselling techniques. The course uses the modular system to deliver an innovative curriculum, with a good range of optional subjects and a focus on employability. It is linked to research of international and national quality, and is responsive to your interests and needs.

In your first year, all modules are compulsory. Here you will examine key criminological issues and institutions and some of the key sociological underpinnings to criminology. You will explore the core dimensions of counselling and psychotherapy and consider the roles of human rights and ethics. We will also equip you with study skills and introduce you to the nature and scope of social research.

In your second year you will build on these foundations by looking in more detail at different theoretical perspectives in criminology and studying research problems and methods. You will also train in intermediate counselling skills. Additionally, you will choose an optional criminology module (see the indicative list below).

In your third year you will chose from one of three independent study modules. You will be able to tailor your studies by choosing two criminology optional modules and two counselling optional modules (from the indicative lists below).

Students on this course also have the opportunity to study a new module called ‘Inside-Out’. This module involves contact hours that are delivered inside HMP Forest Bank prison with ‘inside’ students, who are serving prisoners enrolled as University of Salford students for the duration of the module. Both the ‘inside’ and ‘outside’ students learn together throughout the module.

Quote from module leader Dr Kelly Lockwood

Hear about our Inside Out module from graduate Jessica
Year one

Criminal Justice and Human Rights

You will be introduced to the form, key features and purpose of the institutions of the contemporary criminal justice system in England and Wales and begin an exploration of the issues relating to justice and civil liberties.

Crime, Conflict and Society

You will be introduced to the key foundational issues, ideas and ways of thinking within criminology. You will explore the various relationships between crime and society drawing upon contemporary, historical and comparative evidence and demonstrate links between particular theories and concepts and their implications for research methodology and crime policy. 

Counselling and Therapeutic Approaches

This module has theoretical and practical components. The theory lectures will explore the history of counselling and psychotherapy, and introduce the student to some key concepts in the work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Rogers. The skills element of this module introduces counselling and listening skills in a lively interactive workshop framework where students have the opportunity to work in pairs and groups. The aim is to develop the student’s appreciation of the nature of helping relationships and to define some central elements in them. Students will be introduced to ideas  that have shaped counselling practice.

Social Divisions and Inequality

You will be introduced to social scientific concepts and theories about the nature of social divisions, diversity and social inequality in advanced industrial societies. You will develop an understanding of evidence about major forms of social division and their causes and social consequences and compare alternative explanations of complexity and differentiation in contemporary society.

Becoming a Social Scientist

This module introduces you to the ways in which sociologists and criminologists work and aims to develop the critical, interpretive, reflective and academic skills required to succeed on the programme.

Therapy, Ethics and Human Rights

This module which will help you formulate a grounding in a fundamental aspect of counselling, that of ethical practice and the commitment to human rights. Using an enquiry based learning approach it provides an opportunity to develop knowledge of ethics and human rights in relation to the context of counselling and psychotherapy. You will be encouraged to work within small groups to explore ethical issues that can manifest within the therapeutic and other helping relationships and gain an understanding of the processes involved in approaching such issues.            

Year two

Theoretical Criminology

You will develop an understanding of the range of theories of crime and criminal justice and locate the key issues of criminology within their socio-political and historical context. You will gain a knowledge of the most important theories, and their relevance for understanding crime matters in contemporary society.

Research Problems and Methods: Qualitatively better

You will develop an understanding of competing methodological approaches to social research. The focus throughout this module will be on learning and experiencing applied methods to address “real world” research social problems. You will gain a working knowledge, and practical experience of, alternative methods of collecting, reporting and presenting qualitative data.

Research Problems and Methods: Making it count

You will gain an understanding of the survey research process, including forming a suitable research question, operationalisation, and types of sampling strategy. You will gain knowledge of key concepts in quantitative research, including statistical significance and probability and practical experience of alternative methods of analysing qualitative data.

Intermediate Counselling Skills - 1

You will gain knowledge of the Rogerian Person-centred approach to counselling.  You will be able to apply theory to practice, using counselling and listening skills. You will have opportunities to develop your self-awareness and interpersonal skills, relating these to theories of personality and personality change, as well as to theories associated with the person-centred approach.

Intermediate Counselling Skills - 2

You will be supported in extending your knowledge relating to counselling skills and how psychotherapeutic approaches can support people with mental health issues. You will deepen your ability to effectively use counselling skills, learn how to give and receive constructive feedback, and learn about the contexts within which counselling has developed and current exists.

Year three

Extended Essays

You will develop an area of interest through two pieces of extended criminological prose, without having to meet the demands of research-based activity associated with the Dissertation, examining topics of your choice.


You will examine a Criminological topic of your choice in an independent piece of research, exploring an area of your own academic, professional or personal interest.

Work: Practice and Reflection

You will engage in work based learning, making practical and conceptual connections between the academic study of criminology and work based activities. You will demonstrate an understanding of the importance of critical reflection.

Criminology Optional Modules (Year 2, Year 3) and Counselling Optional Modules (Year 3)

Understanding Victims and Victimisation

You will develop an understanding of how and why people become victims and of the relationship between victimisation and social and cultural variables. You will critically explore the place of the victim in the criminal justice system, and how they are processed.

Intersectionality and Crime

You will gain an understanding of the construction of deviant labels based on variables of ethnicity, gender and youth, and the relationship between these labels and crime. You will engage with issues surrounding experiences of crime and encounters with the criminal justice system. You will also compare crime policies on a national and international scale and look at a number of historical and contemporary case-studies.

Policing and Social Control

You will be introduced to issues surrounding the policing and social control in the past, in contemporary society and in the future, and analyse how social control and surveillance are manifested. You will identify the implications for policing and social control studies on wider sociology as well as policy and practice.

Prisons and Punishment

You will develop an understanding of the evolution of the modern prison and of the relationship between prisons, probation, the courts and the media and the economic and social environment in which they operate. You will gain an understanding of the impacts of punishment with regard to age, gender and ethnicity and consider criminal justice institutions, policies, and practices in their contexts. 

Violence and Society

An overview of the conceptualisation of “violence”. You will examine debates concerning violence in various aspects of life, consider the contemporary debates surrounding violence in a range of contexts, trace the development of theorisations of violence and consider ethical, methodological and practical issues involved in the researching of violence.

Constructing Guilt and Innocence

The typical criminal trial is primarily a contest between the prosecution and the defence over whether or not a crime was committed and whether the accused is guilty.  Each side uses narrative, rhetorical and argumentative strategies to construct its own version of the events and to present claims about the guilt or innocence of the defendant. Judges and juries must also do the same when they pronounce on a case, and third parties such as the public or the media often engage in a similar exercise. This module examines the strategies used to construct guilt and innocence, paying particular attention to their sociological underpinnings. Case studies will be an important part of the module’s content, and there will be presentations by prosecutorial, defence and judicial professionals.

The Criminal Justice Process - Crim w Counselling

You will gain an overview of the philosophy, nature, significance, outcomes and consequences of the criminal justice process and explore how it functions. You will think critically about key aspects of the criminal justice process and examine the interaction between different actors and agencies involved, and between the criminal justice process and politics, the community and the media. You will also have the opportunity to engage with professionals working in every stage of the criminal justice process.

Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice

This module offers a broad introduction to the gendered dimensions of crime/criminality, criminal victimisation, criminal justice, and penology, and of the gendered theorising which attempts to account for this. It looks at the significance of gender to our understandings of and responses to crime and deviant behaviour.

Bereavement and Loss

This module explores major theories of bereavement and loss, critically appraising their strengths and limitations with regard to psychotherapeutic work. Particular types of loss are investigated such as sudden loss, cultural perspectives on loss, as well as models of attachment and loss. Therapeutic work with particular client groups is discussed and the impact that loss, in any of its forms, has on them.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Skills

On completion of this module you will be able to describe and critically evaluate the key features of the CBT model and discuss new developments in CBT. As well as developing highly relevant and useful skills, this module is very important for supporting your future employment in those services that require these specialist skills.

Counselling and Mental Health

You will gain an overview of the historical as well as the contemporary psychological understanding of mental health. You will understand the models of mental health disorders and the impact on how groups and individuals are treated in society.

Expressive Therapies

The Expressive Therapies module offers both cognitive and experiential learning opportunities and offers ‘taster experiences’ of a range of different arts therapy approaches. A number of psychotherapies exist that offer more than just the verbal interchange of ‘talking therapies’. These approaches invite other channels of communication, as well as verbal interchange, as a means of accessing core or organismic experience. There are obvious advantages of such approaches to client groups who may not have the necessary verbal skills to describe their experience e.g. children, people with learning disabilities. 


You can take a university language module in place of one criminology option or one counselling option

Please note that it may not be possible to deliver the full list of options every year as this will depend on factors such as how many students choose a particular option. Exact modules may also vary in order to keep content current. When accepting your offer of a place to study on this programme, you should be aware that not all optional modules will be running each year. Your tutor will be able to advise you as to the available options on or before the start of the programme. Whilst the University tries to ensure that you are able to undertake your preferred options, it cannot guarantee this.



We use a variety of teaching and learning methods to cater for all styles of learning. This includes:

  • Lectures
  • Tutorials - usually in groups
  • Seminars- in groups and based on a lecture subject or allocated reading
  • Presentations - including those given from someone in the field
  • Student-directed study - where work is assigned and deadlines given
  • Site visits - where you can gain a working insight into criminal justice institutions
  • Placement - if you opt to take this optional placement module, you will have the opportunity to put what you have learnt into practice. Examples of previous placements providers include prisons, schools, community organisations, local government and the police force.

We place emphasis on the acquisition of individual transferable skills as well as the development of knowledge and skills important to those working in field.


A variety of assessment methods will be used, these include:

  • Essays
  • Exams
  • Presentations (both group and individual)
  • Reports
  • Dissertation (optional)

School of Health and Society

The School of Health and Society is a forward-thinking, dynamic school with a commitment to lifelong learning and real world impact.

Our courses are informed by the latest research and we work closely with organisations from both the public and private sector to ensure our teaching is at the forefront of practice.

Our purpose-designed counselling centre is used for training students to become professional counsellors and psychotherapists. The suite, featuring therapeutic areas where one-to-one, family and group interactions can occur.

Employment and stats

What about after uni?

A degree in Criminology and Counselling provides a strong foundation for a wide range of occupations from victim and witness support, prison, probation work, and community rehabilitation companies.

Our graduates have gone on to become victim support workers, prison officers, police officers, crime analysts, private security managers, youth offending workers, and to occupy a variety of roles in programmes focusing on drug use, domestic violence or other problems.

Some of our graduates also go on to complete a conversion qualification for a career in law while others do a postgraduate certificate in education and go into teaching. We also have postgraduate courses available that will enable you to further your study in counselling:


A taste of what you could become

A Victim Support Worker, A Custody Support Worker

A Prison Case Worker, A Guidance Counsellor

A Mental Health Practitioner, A Pastoral Worker

A Youth Worker, A Prison Officer

A Probation Officer

and more...

Career Links

This course responds to the needs of the criminal justice sector, in developing both subject expertise and skills that can be used for practice in the field. We have close associations with industry and professional bodies such as:

  • Greater Manchester Police
  • Local NHS trusts
  • Local Prisons including Risley, Manchester, Forest Bank and Liverpool
  • Greater Manchester Probation Authority
  • Salford Magistrates Court
  • Salford – Youth Offending Team.

This provides you with a number of benefits such as field visits, attendance at national and international conferences, portfolio surgeries, guest speakers, workshops and placements.


Placements and voluntary work are also available. These offer the opportunity for you to undertake a period of professional practice within your chosen field in order to understand the dynamics and constraints of applying your subject knowledge in the 'real world'.


What you need to know


This course responds to the needs of the criminal justice sector, in developing both subject expertise and skills that can be used for practice in the field. We have close associations with industry and professional bodies such as:

  • Greater Manchester Police
  • HMP Risley
  • HMP Manchester
  • HMP Forest Bank
  • Greater Manchester Probation Authority
  • HMP Liverpool
  • Manchester and Salford Magistrates Court
  • Salford – Youth Offending Team

This provides you with a number of benefits such as field visits, attendance at national and international conferences, portfolio surgeries, guest speakers, workshops and placements.


International applicants will be required to show proficiency in English. An IELTS score of 6.0, with no element below 5.0, is proof of this.

Please note: The entry criteria below are related to entry onto this course in the 2021/22 academic year.

Standard entry requirements


English Language and Maths at Grade 4/C or above (or equivalent). You must fulfil our GCSE entry requirements as well as one of the requirements listed below

UCAS tariff points

112 points

A levels

112 points

BTEC National Diploma


Foundation Degree

Applicants will be considered for entry into first year.

Access to HE

112 points

Scottish Highers

112 points

Irish Leaving Certificate

112 points

International Baccalaureate

30 points

Alternative entry requirements

Salford Alternative Entry Scheme (SAES)

We welcome applications from those who may not meet the stated entry criteria but who can demonstrate their ability to pursue the course successfully. Once we have received your application we will assess it and recommend it for SAES if you are an eligible candidate. 

There are two different routes through the Salford Alternative Entry Scheme and applicants will be directed to the one appropriate for their course. Assessment will either be through a review of prior learning or through a formal test.

To be considered for the Salford Alternative Entry Scheme you must have already achieved or be working towards GCSE Maths and English Grade C/4 (or equivalent).

How much?

Type of study Year Fees
Full-time home 2020/21 £9,250per year
Part-time 2020/21 Your annual fee will be calculated pro rata to the full-time fee according to the number of credits you are studying.
Full-time home 2021/22 £9,250per year
Part-time 2021/22 Your annual fee will be calculated pro rata to the full-time fee according to the number of credits you are studying.
Additional costs

You should also consider further costs which may include books, stationery, printing, binding and general subsistence on trips and visits.

Scholarships for international students

If you are a high-achieving international student, you may be eligible for one of our scholarships.
We have a range of scholarships available for students applying for courses in 2020-2021 and 2021-2022. Our Global Gold Excellence Scholarship is worth £3,500 and our Global Silver Excellence Scholarship is worth £3,000 - both are available for students studying in our 2021/22 intakes.

We also offer the Salford International Excellence Scholarship which offers up to £5,000 discount on tuition fees. As this is a prestigious award we have a limited number of these scholarships available.

See the full range of our International Scholarships.


Apply now

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Enrolment dates

September 2021

September 2022

UCAS information

Course ID M905

Institution S03

Interested in starting university in September 2021? Book your place on our next Open Day.