Guidance for Ramadhan

The following information acts as guidance for Ramadhan 2022. It has been written by the Faith Centre's Imam Rashid and was last updated on 30 March 2022. You can choose to view the information as part of our webpage below, or you can download a PDF

Fasting is an integral part of religious life, discipline, and an experience of many faiths. Ramadhan is one of the five pillars of Islam. For Muslims, Ramadhan is a very spiritual month; it is a month of special blessings, love, and care for others. During this month, Muslims around the globe will be fasting and showing extra kindness to those who are less fortunate.

As well as becoming more God-conscious, which results in suppressing the desires for food, drink, and sexual activity, staying hungry builds empathy for those less fortunate, who are deprived of food and drink for days on end. This empathy will motivate the fasting person to take extra steps in looking after loved ones and those in need by supporting them in their time of need.

Ramadhan 2022 commenced after sunset on Friday 1 April 2022 and will continue for 30 days until Sunday 1 May 2022 (subject to lunar observation). The festival of Eid al-Fitr 2022 will be celebrated on Sunday 1 or Monday 2 of May (subject to lunar observation). Note that in the Muslim calendar, a day begins on the sunset of the previous day, so observing Muslims began observing Ramadhan on the sunset of Friday 1 April 2022. After the completion of Ramadhan, the day of Eid will be celebrated. 

Ramadan Mubarak (Blessed Ramadhan)

 

Ramadhan 2022 beginning date was 1 April and this Ramadhan will be a very different experience for British Muslims. Covid-19 restrictions will be more relaxed compared to 2020 and 2021. Although Ramadhan is a month of dedication to worship, reflection, and self-purification, it’s just as important to observe Ramadhan in a safe way.  

Please read the Muslim Council of Britain’s advice on safe Ramadhan: MCB Ramadan Guidance 2022 and further advice is available at: British Islamic Medical Association (britishima.org)

 

Fasting and Iftar (breaking of the fast) in Ramadhan

Traditionally, Muslims open their fast in the evening with dates and water. This is called Iftaar (breaking of the fast). These will be provided and will be available daily to staff and students in the Faith Centre before Maghrib (sunset) prayer. 

Students may bring their own full Iftar to have in the social space on the first floor of the Faith Centre after Maghrib prayer. 

Occasionally, arrangements will be made at the Faith Centre where full Iftaars (breaking of the fast) will be provided. No collective or individual Suhur (pre-dawn meal) will be taking place at the Faith Centre as the Faith Centre will be closed between 23:15 and 09:00.  

Staff and students of all religious backgrounds, beliefs or none are welcome to attend the Faith Centre over this period to participate in the Iftaars (breaking of the fast), explore, observe, or simply come and ask questions. 

The following are exempted from fasting: 

  • Those who are travelling 

  • Sick people with unmanageable diabetes  

  • People who are ill (physically or mentally)  

  • People with incurable diseases  

  • People with unmanageable chronic diseases  

Further exemptions and details: Category: Fasting | Islamic Portal 

Prayers

Daily prayers in Ramadhan

The Faith Centre will remain open for prayer, Monday to Friday from 09:00-23:15, Saturday and Sunday 20:00-23:15. Staff and students will need University ID as the building will be swipe access only. Please be courteous to our security staff and leave promptly for building closure.

Friday prayers

Multiple Friday prayers (Jumuah) will take place at the Faith Centre for staff and students only. Please see below for precise prayer times. You will be required to bring and show your University ID to access the building.

Stewards will be present at Jumuah alongside Imam Rashid, the University Muslim chaplain to ask you to show your ID and to use your ID to access the building. 

Ramadhan – Prayer timetable for Beginning Times

 

Day

Islamic date

Fajr

Sunrise

Dhuhr

Asr

Asr (Hanafi)

Maghrib

Isha

Fri 1

Sha’ban 29

4:56

6:42

1st: 1:20

2nd :  2:00

3rd :   2:30

4:45

5:40

7:45

9:05

Sat 2

Ramadhan 1

4:53

6:40

1:13

4:46

5:41

7:46

9:06

Sun 3

2

4:53

6:40

1:13

4:46

5:42

7:46

9:06

Mon 4

3

4:50

6:37

1:13

4:47

5:44

7:48

9:08

Tue 5

4

4:44

6:33

1:12

4:49

5:45

7:52

9:12

Wed 6

5

4:41

6:30

1:12

4:50

5:46

7:54

9:14

Thu 7

6

4:38

6:28

1:12

4:51

5:48

7:55

9:15

Fri 8

7

4:35

6:25

1st: 1:20

2nd :  2:00

3rd :   2:30

4:52

5:49

7:57

9:17

Sat 9

8

4:32

6:23

1:11

4:53

5:50

7:59

9:19

Sun 10

9

4:29

6:21

1:11

4:54

5:52

8:01

9:21

Mon 11

10

4:26

6:18

1:10

4:55

5:53

8:03

9:23

Tue 12

11

4:23

6:16

1:10

4:56

5:54

8:05

9:25

Wed 13

12

4:20

6:14

1:10

4:57

5:55

8:06

9:26

Thu 14

13

4:17

6:11

1:10

4:58

5:57

8:08

9:28

Fri 15

14

4:13

6:09

1st: 1:20

2nd :  2:00

3rd :   2:30

4:52

5:49

8:10

9:30

Sat 16

15

4:10

6:07

1:09

4:59

5:59

8:12

9:32

Sun 17

16

4:10

6:07

1:09

4:59

6:00

8:12

9:32

Mon 18

17

4:07

6:04

1:09

5:00

6:01

8:14

9:34

Tue 19

18

4:01

6:00

1:08

5:02

6:03

8:17

9:37

Wed 20

19

3:57

5:58

1:08

5:03

6:04

8:19

9:39

Thu 21

20

3:54

5:55

1:08

5:03

6:05

8:21

9:41

Fri 22

21

3:51

5:53

1st : 1:20

2nd :  2:00

3rd :  2:30

5:04

6:06

8:23

9:43

Sat 23

22

3:48

5:51

1:08

5:05

6:07

8:25

9:45

Sun 24

23

3:44

5:49

1:08

5:06

6:08

8:26

9:46

Mon 25

24

3:41

5:47

1:07

5:07

6:10

8:26

9:48

Tue 26

25

3:37

5:44

1:07

5:07

6:11

8:30

9:50

Wed 27

26

3:34

5:42

1:07

5:08

6:12

8:32

9:52

Thu 28

27

3:31

5:40

1:07

5:09

6:13

8:34

9:54

Fri 29

28

3:25

5:38

1st: 1:20

2nd:   2:00

3rd :  2:30

5:10

6:14

8:36

9:56

Sat 30

29

3:24

5:36

1:07

5:11

6:15

8:37

9:57

Tarāwīḥ Ṣalāh (late night prayers) in Ramadhan

Tarāwīḥ Ṣalāh will take place at the Faith Centre for staff and students only and the Faith Centre will close promptly after Tarāwīḥ at 23:15 daily. Tarāwīḥ can also be performed in congregation in a local mosque.

 

Simple guidelines recommended for Tarāwīḥ Ṣalāh

  1. Local mosques may vary in the amount of recitation and length of the prayer and this is understandable.  
  2. Where possible, Tarāwīḥ Ṣalāh should be offered in Jama’at (congregation). 
  3. The Huffaaz (people who have memorised the entire Qur’an by heart) who led the Tarāwīḥ in 2019 may continue from where they had read up to in 2019 in Tarāwīḥ at the Faith Centre. The recitation of Surah Nisa (chapter 4) was completed, therefore, the Huffaz may want to continue starting with Surah Maidah (chapter 5). 
  4. Those who are not Haafiz may read whatever they are able to, such as the last Surahs (chapters) of the Qur’an i.e. from Surah Feel to Surah Naas. 

Tarāwīḥ Ṣalāh settings will be normal this year after a change in the settings due to Covid-19 in the past 2 years, Insha Allah.

Eid Prayers

Eid -ul- Fitr prayers will take place for staff and students only on the first of Shawwaal: 1 or 2 May, depending on moonsighting, at the Faith Centre at 11:00 with settings similar to Friday prayers: 

The attendees will be required to bring and show their University ID to access the building.

Additional information

Fasting and Covid-19

  • If a fasting person struggles to continue their fast due to contracting Covid-19 symptoms, it is permissible to break the fast and make up for it later 

  • Individuals with confirmed/suspected Covid-19 with moderate-severe symptoms or severe underlying health conditions can postpone their fasts to a later date. A strong likelihood of falling extremely ill also permits postponing the fasts 

  • In the above cases, if a person thinks they may be able to fast or they are unsure, the fast must be attempted. During the day, if they struggle, they can break the fast and make up for it later 

  • A person who does not fast or discontinues their fast due to a valid excuse is required to make up for the fast(s) at a later date. There is no additional penalty. If their condition is such that they are unable to fast perpetually, they will give Fidyah (the amount of Ṣadaqat al-Fiṭr: approx. £3 per fast). Fidyah does not discharge the obligation if a person is able to fast at a later date, for example, in the winter months 

  • Should you have any queries regarding your medical status, please consult your doctor. The Muslim Chaplain will be happy to try and assist. 

Further details are available via the British Islamic Medical Association (britishima.org)

Importance of a daily schedule in Ramadhan

To maximise the reward of Ramadhan it is important to develop a daily itinerary and it is advisable to incorporate some of the below therein: 

  • Ramadan is the month of Qur’an, therefore try to recite the Qur’an as much as possible. Those at home should attempt to undertake more Qur’an completions during this month. It may be helpful to fix a time wherein the entire household recite the Qur’an 

  • Those who are not ḥāfiẓ of the Qur’an should start to memorise it 

  • Allocate up to 15 minutes after one of the Ṣalāh and share Islamic discourses from a reliable book or online resource with the entire family 

  • Listen to one lecture a day of a reputable scholar via the Masjid receiver system or the internet. A speakers list is available on Islamic faith resources document 

  • Recite Salat & Salaam (durūd/ salutations) upon the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) regularly. Scholars have mentioned that Salaat & Salam (durūd) is from among the most effective means of the removal of epidemics and plagues based on the ḥasan (agreeable) ḥadīth in Sunan al-Tirmidhī (2457) in which the Prophet ﷺ said to a companion who decided to dedicate all his supplication to durūd, “Then, your worries will be taken care of and your sins will be forgiven” (Mā Rawāhu al-Wāʿūn fī Akhbār al-Ṭāʿūn, p.169; Badhl al-Māʿūn, p.333). 

  • Perform Tahajjud Ṣalāh and make duʿāʾ to Allah Almighty during the night and also between the Adhān and Iqāmah and whilst fasting. The supplication of a fasting person is accepted as mentioned in ḥadīths 

  • Read the masnūn ifṭār supplications (Duas) 

  • Repent to Allah Almighty and seek His forgiveness regularly. The Prophet ﷺ would repent to Allah and seek His forgiveness more than seventy times daily (Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, 6307) 

Examination in Ramadhan - Fasting tips

  • Ensure you are well rested the day before  
  • Prepare the night before and plan times in the day when you can rest  
  • Check the examination timetable carefully and avoid rushing around in the morning 
  • Have suhur (a pre-dawn meal) that is wholesome and filling in order to sustain energy for many hours. It is important to include slowly digested foods  
  • If the examination is in the morning, take a long rest in the afternoon if required
  • If the examination is in the afternoon, take a short rest during the morning hours 
  • If you feel tired and sluggish, refresh yourself with wudhu (ritual ablution)  
  • Eat healthy when you break your fast (Iftaar) at the end of the day  
  • Drink lots of water between sunset and sunrise. It is good to sip small amounts whilst praying, doing revision, reading and other activities. This will keep you strong and hydrated for the following long fasting hours and will help prevent dehydration and headaches 
  • Limit all kinds of physical activities. Take the opportunity to rest when you can and try to avoid the dehydrating effects of sitting in hot sunshine or unnecessary exertion 
  • If your health is put at serious risk due to the fast, through possible dehydration or injury, you can break your fast. You can make up the broken fast at a later date when your health is better 

Advice from the University Chaplain Imam Rashid Musa

Although there will be limited restrictions this Ramadhan compared to last Ramadhan, we will be able to enjoy the collective atmosphere of Ramadhan that we are normally accustomed to at the time of Iftaar (breaking of the fast). In this regard, a Muslim’s approach should be balanced between the following: 

  1. We must constantly and eagerly make Duas (supplications) and beg Allah Ta’ala for Aafiyah (ease/comfort /prosperity). We should admit to our weakness in the face of trials, and our desire to not be tested. We should remember in our prayers all those affected by Covid-19 and continuously pray and ask that total normality returns soon, or that which is better. 

  1. We should have full faith in Allah that He will grant us the full reward of praying in congregation in the sacred spaces for all our prayers offered at home/accommodation previously due to the pandemic. 

  1.  We must express our resignation to, and be pleased with, whatever Allah Ta’ala has destined for us. There is always wisdom in whatever condition Allah Ta’ala places us in, and we do not have the knowledge to recognise the hidden benefits that lie in these outwardly adverse conditions. The submission to the Grand Plan of Allah Ta’ala is known as Radha bil Qadhaa (being pleased with the decree of Allah Ta’ala). Even though Covid-19 poses great challenges, we should try not to complain but instead work to surmount these challenges. 

The above points reflect the approach Muslims should adopt in Ramadhan and at all times and in all conditions, whether favourable or unfavourable and finally, let us remind ourselves of the words of the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him): 

“Wondrous is the affair of a believer, as there is good for him in every matter; this is not the case for anyone but a believer. If he experiences pleasure, he thanks Allah and it is good for him. If he experiences harm, he shows patience and it is good for him.” (Sahih Muslim 2999) 

We should feel positive this Ramadhan and take the opportunity of this blessed month to pray for all of humanity and for the world to become a safe place for all once again. Ameen.