Common beech

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Find out more about the common beech tree below. 

common beech

Beech tree behind fence

Scientific name: Fagus sylvatica

Family: Fagaceae

What3Words location: wool.pretty.dark

Origin: native

Maximum height: 40 metres

Lives for: up to 250 years, or up to 400 years if managed as a pollard

The queen of British trees (oak being the king), beech trees are often associated with femininity. They support rare plant species such as coralroot bittercress and the red helleborine orchid, as well as fungi including the bearded tooth fungus. Beech seeds, known as masts, are eaten by animals such as deer, badgers, squirrels, mice and birds.