Current Student Research
Abdulkadir Sani – 1st year PhD student
Project: Constructed Wetlands Treating Domestic Wastewater
In theory, biological and physical clogging, induced as a result of excessive formation of biomass from degradation of pollutants and retention of inert suspended fine particles, respectively, should result in a decrease of treatment performance. However, some wetlands are not prone to clogging in practice. The aim of this study is therefore to compare the impact of different design (aggregate size) and operational (contact time, empty time and chemical oxygen demand loading) variables on the treatment efficiency and clogging processes. Abdulkadir operates different vertical-flow constructed wetlands. He is not yet observing any serious clogging phenomena impacting negatively on the treatment performance for any wetland column. However, a small aggregate diameter, a short contact time, a long resting time and a low chemical oxygen demand inflow concentration seem to be most beneficial in reducing suspended solids accumulation within the wetland filters. Abdulkadir has just written his first journal paper.
Mohammed Hussaini – 1st year PhD student
Project: Decision-support System for Sustainable Energy Policy and Planning
Proper design of system transitions is a necessity to achieve sustainability of energy infrastructure. However, this design requires new policy, law and corporate strategies. To provide decision support for better policies and strategies, Mohammed focuses on developing a research agenda to enhance the effectiveness of the prescriptive body of knowledge on system transitions to further underscore the concept of transition management. Transitions can be shaped, implying that technical system design is augmented with policy, regulation, and research and development strategies. For effective transition management, an extensive understanding of transitions is necessary. The great challenge for Mohammed is to obtain a basic understanding of the socio-technical design space and the complexity and the uncertainties involved in bringing socio-technical systems or their parts into being. He will study complex systems theory, agent-based modelling, engineering and policy design scenario analysis and statistical data analysis.
Dewi Fitria– 2nd year PhD student
Project: Coagulation and Flocculation
The most significant operational cost in a treatment plant is related to the dewatering and disposal of sludge. Dewi is testing different shapes of mixers (radial, axial, wheel, 3-blades and magnetic) to assess their influence on sludge dewaterability testing. As well as the shape of mixers, different rapid mixing velocities, rapid mixing times and coagulants also have been used as test parameters. She used the capillary suction time test apparatus as a rapid measure to assess sludge dewaterability. Findings indicate that the use of magnetic stirrers leads to the lowest sludge dewaterability properties tested using the capillary suction time. The magnetic stirrer produced greater vortex and turbulence compared with other types of mixers, so rapid contact between the coagulant and the water occurred. The use of the other mixers produced similar results. However, the application of different coagulants results in different results regarding the sludge dewaterability, when using different rapid mixing velocities. Different rapid mixing times did not lead to differences in the capillary suction time.
Mohammed Al-Terawi – 2nd year PhD student
Project: Shuttle-Lane Operations in Urban Road Works
Traffic management using shuttle-lane operations are common features of our road network. Such operations have a considerable impact on reducing roadway capacity, which causes interruptions and impose substantial delays to road users, increasing cost to society with possible reductions in road safety. Despite the importance of this topic, there are relatively few studies that deal with setting uniform design standards for such sites and modelling traffic operations to predict delays and capacity. This study aims to assess the main parameters influencing driver behaviour at the approach to such sites using micro-simulation models developed specifically for this purpose. The results will inform the setting-up of best practice guidelines in traffic management to improve overall performance. Urban road works are mainly needed when providing new.
GTA Student Profiles
Vincent Uzomah – 1st year PhD and GTA student
Project: Sustainable Drainage Systems
Vincent is a General Teaching Assistant who has just started his PhD on sustainable drainage systems in the Greater Manchester region. The Graduate Teaching Assistantship offers a valuable opportunity to study for a PHD as well as gaining teaching experience. Vincent greatly benefits from the combination of research and teaching, considering that his aim is to become a lecturer at the end of his studies.
Training and Skills
You will join a rapidly expanding research community within the Civil Engineering Research Group supported by postgraduate training provided by the School. Research seminars and conferences will be offered to you. All postgraduate research students are expected to attend the College's research methods seminars during their first year of study, covering subjects such as conducting a literature review, methods of data collection, research governance and ethics, and analysis, presentation, interpretation and rigour in qualitative research.
In addition, the University offers all postgraduate research students an extensive range of free training activities to help you develop your research and transferable skills. The Salford Postgraduate Research Training Programme (SPoRT) has been designed to equip researchers both for your university studies, and for your future careers whether in academia, elsewhere in the public sector, or in industry and the private sector.
As a postgraduate research student at The University of Salford, you are required to meet a number of milestones in order to re-register for each year of study. These ‘progression points’ are an important aid for both you and your supervisory team and it is essential that you complete them on time.
Learning Agreement: This is completed by you and your supervisor collaboratively in the first 3 months of your research programme. It encourages both of you to develop a thorough and consistent understanding of your individual and shared roles and responsibilities in your research partnership.
Annual Progress Report: This report is completed by your supervisor at the end of each year of study, and reports on your achievements in the past year, the likelihood that you will submit on time, confirmation of the Learning Agreement and relevant training undertaken.
Self Evaluation Report: This is completed by you at the end of each year of study. It asks you to comment on your academic progress, supervisory arrangements, research environment, research training, and relevant training undertaken.
Interim Assessment: This is an assessment of your progress by a panel. It takes place towards the end of your first year, and is designed to ensure that you have reached a threshold of academic performance, by assessing your general progress. The assessment comprises a written report, presentation and oral examination by a panel comprising three members of the Civil Engineering Research Group. You must successfully complete it in order to register for your second year.
Internal Evaluation: This will take place towards the end of the second year and successful completion is required for you to continue onto your third year of study. You will be expected to show strong progress in your PhD study reflected in the submission of a substantial piece of work, generally at least four chapters of your thesis.