Dr Mark Hughes

Lecturer

Biography

Before my undergraduate degree I worked as an accounts clerk in the Office for National Statistics, I then obtained a degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Warwick in 2002. I received my PhD in optoelectronics in 2007 from the Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton; here, my research focused on transition metal doping of, and femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in, chalcogenide glasses. After my PhD I took a post-doc position in Japan at Toyota Technological Institute, where my research focused on bismuth and nickel doped oxide glasses and glass-ceramics, and waveguide writing in oxide glasses. After this I moved to Nagoya University, where I worked on carbon nanotube based optical devices. In 2011, I moved to the Advanced Technology Institute, University of Surrey, where worked on material characterisation and device fabrication of ion implanted glass thin films, which was published in Nature Comms. I also worked on donor impurities in silicon for quantum technologies and modelling of rare-earths, which was published Advanced Functional Materials. In 2015 I was offered a Lectureship at the University of Salford where I am module coordinator for electricity and electronics and 2nd year labs, I also teach 2nd year properties of matter and final year MPhys practical labs.

Teaching

Fundamentals of Physics C and 2nd year labs, I also teach 2nd year properties of matter and final year MPhys practical labs.

Research Interests

I lead a diverse set of multi-disciplinary research projects spanning chemistry, physics and electronic engineering. My primary research interest is the development of material systems for quantum computation and communication, I have partners including the University of Surrey, UCL, QMUL, NPL, and Daresbury Laboratory, with whom I have made the first coherence measurement of an implanted rare earth and the first demonstration of coupling between erbium in silicon and a superconducting resonator. I have also developed universal memory devices that could act as both storage and RAM, and may be able to rival Intel’s latest Optane memory technology.

I have developed very high performance carbon nanotube electronic and optical devices. Other projects include modelling of energy level structures, glass fabrication and characterisation for communications systems, bismuth doped glass based electronics for optical computers.

Qualifications and Memberships

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, Mar 2017

Member of the Institute of Physics

Japanese Language Proficiency Test level 4, Feb 2010

Publications

Lourenço, Manon A., Mark A. Hughes, Khue T. Lai, Imran M. Sofi, Willy Ludurczak, Lewis Wong, Russell M. Gwilliam and Kevin P. Homewood. 2016. "Silicon-Modified Rare-Earth Transitions—A New Route to Near- and Mid-IR Photonics." Advanced Functional Materials 26(12):1986-1994.

Fedorenko, Y. G., M. A. Hughes, J. L. Colaux, C. Jeynes, R. M. Gwilliam, K. Homewood, B. Gholipour, J. Yao, D. W. Hewak, T. H. Lee, S. R. Elliott and R. J. Curry. 2015. "Electrical properties of Bi-implanted amorphous chalcogenide films." Thin Solid Films 589:369-375

M. A. Hughes, M. A. Lourenço, J. D. Carey, B. Murdin, and K. P. Homewood, "Crystal field analysis of Dy and Tm implanted silicon for photonic and quantum technologies," Opt. Express 22, 29292–29303 (2014).

M. A. Hughes, Y. Fedorenko, B. Gholipour, J. Yao, T.-H. Lee, M. G. Russell, K. P. Homewood, S. Hinder, D. W. Hewak, S. R. Elliott, and R. J. Curry, "N-type chalcogenides by ion implantation," Nat. Commun. 5, 5346 (2014).

M. A. Hughes, Y. Ohno, and T. Mizutani, "Electroluminescence from an Electrostatically Doped Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistor," Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters 6, 881-886 (2014).

M. A. Hughes, Y. Fedorenko, R. M. Gwilliam, K. P. Homewood, S. Hinder, B. Gholipour, D. W. Hewak, T.-H. Lee, S. R. Elliott, and R. J. Curry, "Ion-implantation-enhanced chalcogenide-glass resistive-switching devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 083506 (2014).

M. A. Hughes, K. P. Homewood, R. J. Curry, Y. Ohishi, and T. Suzuki, "Waveguides in Ni-doped glass and glass–ceramic written with a 1kHz femtosecond laser," Opt. Mater. 36, 1604-1608 (2014).

M. A. Hughes, K. P. Homewood, R. J. Curry, Y. Ohno, and T. Mizutani, "Photocurrent from a carbon nanotube diode with split-gate and asymmetric contact geometry," Materials Research Express 1, 026304 (2014).

Y. G. Fedorenko, M. A. Hughes, J. L. C. C. Jeynes, R. M. Gwilliam, K. P. Homewood, J. Yao, D. W. Hewak, T.-H. Lee, S. R. Elliott, B. Gholipour, and R. J. Curry, "Electrical properties of amorphous chalcogenide/silicon heterojunctions modified by ion implantation," in SPIE Photonics West, 2014), 898213.

M. A. Hughes, Y. Federenko, T. H. Lee, J. Yao, B. Gholipour, R. M. Gwilliam, K. P. Homewood, D. W. Hewak, S. R. Elliott, and R. J. Curry, "Optical and electronic properties of bismuth-implanted glasses," in SPIE Photonics West, 2014), 898216.

M. A. Hughes, K. P. Homewood, R. J. Curry, Y. Ohno, and T. Mizutani, "Split gate and asymmetric contact carbon nanotube optical devices," in SPIE Photonics West, 2014), 89820P.

M. A. Hughes, K. Homewood, R. J. Curry, Y. Ohno, and T. Mizutani, “An ultra-low leakage current single carbon nanotube diode with split-gate and asymmetric contact geometry” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 133508 (2013).

M. A. Hughes, R. M. Gwilliam, K. Homewood, B. Gholipour, D. W. Hewak, T-H. Lee, S. R. Elliott, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, T. Kohoutek  and R. J. Curry, “On the analogy between photoluminescence and carrier-type reversal in Bi- and Pb-doped glasses.” Opt. Express. 21(7), 8101-8115 (2013)

T. Kohoutek, M. A. Hughes, J. Orava, M. Mastumoto, T. Misumi, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, "Direct laser writing of relief diffraction gratings into a bulk chalcogenide glass." J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt. Phys. 29 (10), 2779-2786 (2012)

M. A. Hughes, K. Hata, S. Kishimoto, Y. Ohno, and T. Mizutani, "Electroluminescence from electrostatically doped carbon nanotubes," in The Japan Society of Applied Physics 58th Spring Meeting, (2011)

M. A. Hughes, R. J. Curry, and D. W. Hewak, "Determination of the oxidation state and coordination of a vanadium doped chalcogenide glass," Opt. Mater. 33, 315–322 (2011).

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, "Compositional dependence of the optical properties of bismuth doped lead-aluminum-germanate glass," Opt. Mater. 32, 1028-1034 (2010).

M. S. Liao, G. S. Qin, X. Yan, M. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, "Evaluating upconversion materials developed to improve the efficiency of solar cells: comment," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt. Phys. 27, 1352-1355 (2010).

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, "Spectroscopy of bismuth doped lead-aluminum-germanate glass and yttrium-aluminum-silicate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2302-2309 (2010).

D. W. Hewak, D. Brady, R. J. Curry, G. Elliott, C. C.Huang, M. Hughes, K. Knight, A. Mairaj, M. N. Petrovich, R. Simpson, and C. Sproat, "Chalcogenide glasses for photonics device applications," in Photonic glasses and glass-ceramics G. S. Murugan, ed. (2010).

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, Y. Ohishi, S. Mizuno, H. Ito, and K. Hasegawa, "High quantum efficiency of Nd3+-doped ZBLAN glass under sunlight excitation," in Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (QELS), 2010 Conference on, (2010), 1-2.

T. Suzuki, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, "Quantum efficiency measurements on Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped lasers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2344-2349 (2010).

S. Mizuno, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, T. Suzuki, H. Ito, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, "The efficiencies of energy transfer from Cr to Nd ions in silicate glasses," in Photonics West, (2010), 7598-8.

T. Suzuki, H. Nasu, M. A. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, "Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers," in Photonics West, (2010), 7598-57.

M. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, "Towards a high-performance optical gain medium based on bismuth and aluminum co-doped germanate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 356, 407-418 (2010).

T. Suzuki, M. Hughes, and Y. Ohishi, "Optical properties of Ni-doped MgGa2O4 single crystals grown by floating zone method," J. Lumin. 130, 121-126 (2010).

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, "Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express 17, 19345-19355 (2009).

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, "Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria-alumina-silica glass," Opt. Mater. 32, 368-373 (2009).

M. A. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. W. Hewak, "Spectral broadening in femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 26, 1370-1378 (2009).

M. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, "Development of bismuth doped lead-aluminum-zinc-germanate glass as a broadband optical gain medium," in Photonics West, (2009), 7212, 721203-721212.

M. A. Hughes, R. J. Curry, and D. W. Hewak, "Spectroscopy of titanium-doped gallium lanthanum sulfide glass," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 25, 1458-1465 (2008).

M. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, "Advanced bismuth doped lead-germanate glass for broadband optical gain devices," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 25, 1380-1386 (2008).

M. Hughes, D. W. Hewak, and R. J. Curry, "Concentration dependence of the fluorescence decay profile in transition metal doped chalcogenide glass," in Photonics West, (2007), 64690D.

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, "Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).

M. Hughes, H. Rutt, D. Hewak, and R. Curry, "Spectroscopy of vanadium (III) doped gallium lanthanum sulphide glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031108 (2007).

A. K. Mairaj, R. J. Curry, M. Hughes, R. Simpson, K. Knight, and D. W. Hewak, "Towards a compact optical waveguide device for active infrared applications," in SPIE Symposium on Optics and Photonics in Security and Defence  (2004), 5618, 07.

M. Hughes, R. J. Curry, A. Mairaj, J. E. Aronson, W. S. Brocklesby, and D. W. Hewak, "Transition metal doped chalcogenide glasses for broadband near-infrared sources," in SPIE Symposium on Optics and Photonics in Security and Defense,  (2004), 5620, 289.