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Materials for Acoustics

Materials and structures for noise control and sound manipulation

Research into materials for acoustics at Salford comprises modelling and measurement of sound interaction with porous materials, metamaterials and sonic crystals.

Porous materials are renowned for their ability to attenuate sound. As sound wave penetrates the pores, the air oscillates and friction occurs due to its motion relative to the pore walls. It is difficult to know exactly what happens within the pores but research at Salford has led to major improvements in modelling of the acoustic properties of such materials. Behaviour of porous materials at high levels of acoustic excitation is of particular interest to the group. Our novel work on the acoustic properties of porous materials with multiple scales has led to a successful spinout company ‘Carbonair Ltd’.

Metamaterials is a broad term for an artificial medium exhibiting properties not normally found in nature. Typically, a metamaterial consists of an artificial ‘atom’ or unit cell repeated in a pattern analogous to the way that conventional atoms occur in natural materials. Just as the microscopic properties of conventional atoms or molecules dictate the macroscopic behaviour of the medium consisting of them, in metamaterials the properties and arrangements of the unit cells determine what happens on a much larger scale when many unit cells are considered together in a large structure. The process of ‘zooming out’ and treating the discrete structure of atoms (natural or artificial) as a continuous medium is called homogenisation.

Metamaterials possessing interesting wave propagation characteristics are an actively researched topic, although it is fair to say that currently acoustic metamaterials are overshadowed by the greater counterpart, electromagnetic metamaterials, both in terms of depth of available research and potential applications. However, since the wave theories from these different areas of physics bear great similarity, many concepts in metamaterial research have cross-disciplinary overlaps, with many of the same properties related to the ability to guide waves in new ways being investigated.

The Salford team’s work has contributed to original modelling and measurements for omnidirectional absorber of low-frequency sound (acoustic black hole) and membrane structures. Current research activities focus on resonant acoustic metamaterials and superlensing.

Sonic crystals take their name from the analogous effects of photonic crystals on light. They consist of periodic arrays of scatterers and are known to give low transmission in selective frequency bands as a consequence of multiple scattering. Salford’s team has developed theoretical approaches to modelling sonic crystal noise barriers made of resonant elements (elastic shells and coupled resonators).

The following gives just a few examples of projects involving materials and structures for noise control and sound manipulation

Porous materials

Metamaterials

Sonic crystals

Contact

Please contact Olga Umnova at o.umnova@salford.ac.uk.