Dr. David Kreps

Salford Business School

Photo of Dr. David Kreps

Contact Details

Maxwell 607

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Personal Website

Current positions

Interim Associate Dean Research & Innovation


I am Chair, International Federation for Information Processing’s Technical Committee 9 on ICT and Society [http://ifiptc9.org/] and was a British Academy Mid-Career Fellow in 2018.  I am an 'early adopter', pioneering thinker and commentator, with a fascination for technology and its impact upon society. A web developer since 1995, (making probably the first Arts Centre Website in the UK) I completed my PhD thesis on Cyborgism, in 2003, and thereafter became an expert in Web Accessibility, and explorer into the philosophy of Virtuality, and Cultural Identity in the Socially Networked society. I was formerly Director of Information Systems, Organisations and Society Research Centre (ISOS) 2009-12.  I took up the role of Interim Associate Dean Research & Innovation in Salford Business School in 2019.

My books include Against Nature: The Metaphysics of Information Systems (Routledge); Bergson, Complexity and Creative Emergence (Palgrave), Gramsci and Foucault: A Reassessment (Routledge), This Changes Everything: ICT and Climate Change – What Can We Do? (Springer) and Technology and Intimacy: Choice or Coercion (Springer).

Industry Contacts and Activities

Manchester Digital, the region's trade association for New Media and IT organizations, has appointed me as Accessibility and Web Standards expert on the Judges Panel for the Big Chip Awards [http://www.bigchipawards.com/], the regional awards for the Digital Industry, every year since 2006. I work with a number of the companies in the region's Digital Sector and ran a Knowledge Transfer Partnership with SigmaUK Ltd [http://wearesigma.com/] between 2014 and 2016.


In the 1980s, I worked as a jobbing actor in fringe and community theatre. See www.kreps.org/arts/ for a retrospective.

During the 1990s, as an Arts Centre Director for Tamworth Borough Council, and then Portsmouth City Council, and as Chairman of Kaos Theatre UK from 1997 to 2008, and of Horse and Bamboo Theatre company from 2009 to 2012, I have gained invaluable experience in leading a wide range of projects in the public sector.

As a technician, I have been making websites for not-for-profit organisations since 1995 and in 2000 began to do so commercially. I have been responsible for the production of a range of websites for clients in both Manchester and further afield and have provided CSS and Accessibility expertise to many other Web Developers through Training courses and seminars. I ran two-day courses for Salford Professional Development on Web and Wordpress for many years.

Alongside my arts management, web development, and business interests, building on a Bachelors in Theatre and Arts Management, I undertook a part-time Masters in Cultural Theory during the mid 90s, specializing in Cybersociety, and between 1998 and 2003 undertook extensive research in this field, culminating in the award in January 2004 of a PhD from the University of Salford, for my doctoral thesis on Cyborgs. In the same month, I joined the Information Systems Institute (now part of the Salford Business School) full time, after several 

Areas of research

Philosophy, Technology, Ethics, Information, Society


Alongside delivering Web Standards based Web Development modules for undergraduates in the Operations and Information Management unit of the Salford Business School for many years, I was creator and deliverer of the first MSc eGovernance in the UK (which ran between 2004/05 and 07/08).  I was the Postgraduate Programme Leader for the Information Systems Masters programmes in the Salford Business School from Feb 2008 to Sept 2010. 

I have been teaching for the last several years on

  • Information Systems (PG)
  • Operations and Information Management (PG)

For the whole of 2018 I focused 100% on my British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship project.

Research Interests

My specialism is in Philosophy of Information Systems, with a growing focus on ICT and Sustainability.  My areas of research interest fall broadly under the umbrella of Information Society, and specifically of Digital Business. I am interested in all aspects of virtuality and have established a reputation in eAccessibility. My background in the Arts, Cultural Studies and Sociology bring a critical and philosophical approach to my research in Information Systems. I am currently pursuing a multi-year research programme looking into how philosophers such as Bergson and Whitehead can be reassessed in light of the developments in systems theory generally referred to as Complexity Theory and applied to contemporary Information Systems.

As well as writing about the philosophical and political issues around Complexity and Virtuality, I have written a number of academic papers on the ethical and social dimensions of Web Accessibility and was one of two speakers at the Parliamentary IT Committee (PITCOM) on "ICT for the Socially Excluded" at the House of Commons, London, in 2006.

In 2018 I published Against Nature: The Metaphysics of Information Systems [https://www.routledge.com/Against-Nature-The-Metaphysics-of-Information-Systems/Kreps/p/book/9780815377757] (Routledge), a polemical warning concerning how the Digital is complicit in a global economy driving climate change.


I am Chair of the International Federation for Information Processing’s Technical Committee 9 on ICT and Society (IFIP TC9). [http://ifiptc9.org/]   I was Chair, from 2013 to 2018, of the IFIP Working Group (WG) 9.5 on Virtuality and Society. I was Chair of the International Conference on Human Choice and Computers (HCC12) “Technology and Intimacy: Choice or coercion” held at MediaCityUK September 2016, and also Chair of HCC13 “This Changes Everything” held in Poznan, Poland, September 2018. 

I have delivered papers at conferences in many countries around the world.

I am a Senior Editor of the (ABS 3*) journal Information Technology and People [http://www.emeraldinsight.com/loi/ITP]

Funded Research

2018 (£106k): In August 2017 I was awarded a British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship for the twelve months of 2018, to undertake a project entitled: “Understanding Digital Events: A philosophical and sociological study of virtual experience in the everyday” The outputs from this project include two books due for publication in 2019/20, both concerning Bergson, Whitehead, and our understanding of the Digital.

2014-2016 (£125k): From July 2014 to September 2016 I ran a two year Knowledge Transfer Partnership, with funding awarded by the ESRC and the TSB, with the Macclesfield based company, Sigma UK, [http://wearesigma.com/] to explore User Experience research.

2008-2011 (£300k): In 2008 I won Salford a place as partner in a consortium for a Europe-wide project, DEHEMS led by Manchester City Council, aimed at improving awareness of home energy usage, and bringing about behaviour change for a reduced carbon footprint.

2007 (£80k): In 2006 I was awarded a grant by the European Social Fund to undertake a 12month research project entitled "Combating eDiscrimination in the North West."

Qualifications and Memberships


  • MA Philosophy, Open University 2015-2018
  • PGCAP Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice, University of Salford 2012-2013
  • PhD Sociology of Technology, University of Salford 1998-2004
  • MA Cultural Studies, University of Salford 1995-1998
  • BA (Hons) Theatre & Arts Management, Dartington College of Arts (University of Plymouth) 1991-1994
  • SFHEA – Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • MAIS – Member 

Postgraduate Research

I am currently supervising doctoral students on the following topics:

  • critical approaches to information systems, including social media;
  • critical understanding of ICTs in organisational contexts;
  • digital inclusion of over 65s;
  • privacy, surveillance and intimacy of wearable technology
  • the general area of the philosophy of information systems, critical approaches to information systems, digital inclusion, and societal impacts of the internet of things.