Salford Institute for Dementia

Research theme: Arts and Emotion

Title of research project/activity

Ludic Gerontechnology: Digital Games for Dementia Care

Team members and School(s)/other institutions involved

Claire Dormann

Start date:July 2015

End date:July 2017

Overview of research aims and selected highlights

Digital technology and in particular assistive technology for people living with dementia focuses mostly on health and safety issues rather that addressing leisure and entertainment needs. This led to an increased interest in digital games to support dementia care, with the development of cognitive rehabilitation and reminiscence games.

The aim of this project is to investigate the role of digital games in dementia care to facilitate and stimulate the design of digital games in this context including educational, therapeutical or entertainment games. Thus a literature review of games around dementia care was carried out. The review brought out a number of design issues and highlighted limitations of on-going development. We advocate stepping out of the functionalistic approach taken in this domain to design enjoyable, emotional and fun game experiences.

Outputs (papers, book chapters, conference presentations, poster presentations etc)

Toward ludic gerontechnology, a review of games for dementia care. Proceeding of First Joint International Conference of the Digital Games Research Association (DiGRA) and the Foundations of Digital Games conferences (FDG), August 2016 (16p).

Workshop on Digital games and Aging (co-organiser), First Joint International Conference of the Digital Games Research Association (DiGRA) and the Foundations of Digital Games conferences (FDG), August 2016

Poster: Ludic Gerontechnology and Dementia Care, Dementia Research Showcase,

January 2016

Presentation: Digital games and Dementia, Documenting and Memory: Art and Media Seminar, University of Salford

Impacts (or anticipated impacts) and/or engagement activities

  • New Research Agenda in this context
  • Guidelines for  the design of digital games

Enhancing wellbeing of people living with dementia and their carers

Title of research project/activity

Co-designing augmented board games in aging and dementia care.

Team members and School(s)/other institutions involved

Sam Ingleson – School of Arts & Media

Claire Dormann – Institute of Dementia

Dementia Associates

Start date:Sept 2015

End date:Sept 2018

Overview of research aims and selected highlights

  • To provide opportunities for people living with dementia and carers to engage in a range of leisure activities centred on playful game experiences
  • The creation of augmented board games designed to be used with People living with dementia, their families and care-giver, to support emotional wellbeing
  • To provide a space to stimulate discussion, social interaction and provide activities that encourage the recognition of memories through sensory prompts, playfulness and humour.
  • To engage people living with dementia and their carers in the process of co design practices related to games.
  • To explore the role of digital technology to support, gameplay, the design of socio-emotional experiences and play motivations.

Progress to date

Research has been undertaken focusing on the creation of an initial board game prototype that will allow the researchers to engage with user groups to look at the effectiveness of games as a way of enabling a focused social space whereby conversations and other interaction can take place within the framework of playing a game. We have engaged in a process of iterative design to experiment with different game components (including digital media) to provide a range of multi sensory stimulus and game strategies suitable for players with a range of cognitive abilities and skills. We have now produced the first prototype and are looking  at designing further prototypes with different groups and contexts, as well as involving users in this process.

Impacts (or anticipated impacts) and/or engagement activities

  • Enhanced Board games for Dementia care
  • Toolkit for carers and caregivers so that localised/ personalised games can be created
  • Enhancing wellbeing of people living with dementia and their carers

Outputs (papers, book chapters, conference presentations, poster presentations etc)

  • Reframing participatory design in the context of social change games. Proceedings of the Irish Symposium on Game-Based Learning, September 2016
  • Designing Augmented Board Games for Dementia care: engaging families, friends and community (Abstract). Playful Learning Conference, Manchester, July 2016
  • Artefact: Jumble on Juniper Street board game

Contact

Sam Ingleson

Email s.j.ingleson@salford.ac.uk

Claire Dormann

Email C.A.L.Dormann@salford.ac.uk

Title of research project/activity

Evidencing falls prevention

Team members and School(s)/other institutions involved

Marcus Ormerod and Rachel Russell (School of the Built Environment)

Funding bodies/amount (if applicable):

£3,000 awarded by Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service

Start date:April 2015

End date:June 2015

Overview of research aims and selected highlights

This research comprised an initial desk-top scoping study to understand whether the concept of ‘cost of saves’ (the value to society of the incident occurring) could be applied to the preventative work being undertaken by Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service.

We know falling over in the over 65’s (including those with dementia) accounts for between

10-25% of call-outs by the North West Ambulance Service. The findings show that the falls prevention work provided by the Community Risk Intervention Teams within Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service provides a specific focus on which to take forward the Cost of Saves concept.

Contact

Marcus Ormerod

Email:  m.ormerod@salford.ac.uk

Title of research project/activity

Acoustics of environments used by people affected by dementia

Team members and School(s)/other institutions involved

Marcus Ormerod and Rachel Russell (School of the Built Environment) Bill Davies (School of Computing, Science and Engineering)

Funding bodies/amount:£5,046 awarded by Saint-Gobain Echophon A.B

Start date:April 2015

End date:May 2015

Overview of research aims and selected highlights

This research comprised an initial desk-top scoping study to understand the evidence underpinning recommendations being made on acoustic requirements for the design of dementia-friendly environments.

Future plans arising from activity

Proposals for future research were identified and these are being further explored with Saint-Gobain Echophon A.B in the context of a possible real world intervention study.

Contact

Marcus Ormerod

Email: m.ormerod@salford.ac.uk

Title of research project/activity

Dementia Friendly Flooring

Team members and School(s)/other institutions involved

Marcus Ormerod and Rita Newton (School of the Built Environment)

John Mellor (Polyflor Ltd)

Start date:March 2015

End date:December 2015

Overview of research aims and selected highlights

Dementia-friendly flooring is appropriate for a range of diverse environmental settings settings including our own home, dementia hubs and residential care environments. As such, the Salford Institute for Dementia in conjunction with Polyflor Ltd developed the 12 Principles of Dementia Friendly Flooring to support the implementation of the Department of Health HBN 02-08 (2015), the British Standard PAS 1365: 2015 and the British Standard 8300 (2009) + A1 (2010). These 12 Principles have been discussed and agreed with the Dementia Associates, a group of people who are living with or caring for someone with dementia. The Dementia Associates are an integral part of the Salford Institute for Dementia where they regularly meet to discuss activities or initiatives to support those living with the condition. This not only provides a social, interactive focal point for the Associates but also allows the Institute to engage and consult with them and use their feedback to drive research and education initiatives that are undertaken to the wider dementia community. This ensures that the work undertaken by the Institute reflects the issues and challenges faced by people affected by dementia in their daily lives.

Progress to date

The development of the 12 Principles was complete in December 2015

Future plans arising from activity

Proposals for future research have been identified and these are being further explored with Polyflor Ltd in the context of a possible real world intervention study to better understand challenges in designing flooring to appropriately support people to live well with dementia.

Contact

Marcus Ormerod

Email:  m.ormerod@salford.ac.uk

Title of research project/activity

Independent Living Village – Pendleton Together

Team members and School(s)/other institutions involved

Marcus Ormerod (School of the Built Environment)

Anya Ahmed (School of Health and Society)

Funding bodies/amount (if applicable):

£3,000 awarded by Pendleton Together, and £3,000 University of Salford

Start date:March 2016

End date:June 2016

Overview of research aims and selected highlights

After several meetings with Pendleton Together and visits to Lombardy Court it has been agreed that an initial evaluation of a pre-determined area within the centre of Pendleton would be assessed to understand in more detail the improvement opportunities of the internal and external environment for the benefit of the independent living cohort.

It is envisaged that this project will consist of three distinct, but linked and evolving phases. Phase 1: An evaluation of the potential impact on People & Place (internal/external) inrelation to independent living both now and in the future of the proposed Extra Care Village Objective 1: To establish the current internal & external environment / facilities within thedefined area of Pendleton that has impact on the independent living/Dementia cohort Objective 2: To assess the short, medium & longer term needs of the independent livingcohort within the defined area in relation to the Master Plan

Objective 3: To recommend baseline measures that would need to be established andpotential research studies to measure the impact on people and place in respect of independent living by the development of an extra care village in Pendleton

Phase 2: Establishing a baseline & designing/measuring & evidencing interventions inrelation to the Independent Living / Dementia cohort (informed by Phase 1)

Phase 3: Evaluating the ongoing impact of the regeneration investment (Informed by Phase1 & 2)

It is envisaged that this will be a medium to long-term (7 years+) collaboration between Pendleton Together, Salford City Council, the University of Salford and the residents and communities of Pendleton to deliver the master plan in relation to independent living and the proposed extra care village.

Contact

Marcus Ormerod

Email: m.ormerod@salford.ac.uk

Anya Ahmed

Email:  a.ahmed@salford.ac.uk