Professor Philip James

Professor of Ecology

Biography

At the University of Bradford, I studied Applied Biology, specializing in Plant Protection. Immediately after graduating I was employed by United Biscuits (Agriculture) as an agronomist with responsibility for overseeing the growing, harvesting, and storage of potatoes destined to be made into crisps. While working for United Biscuits (Agriculture), I completed my PhD (University of Wales (Swansea)).

My doctoral studies focused on a commercially important aspect of plant physiology and how potatoes responded to certain cultural practices. The discoveries I made were important commercially and led to improvements in cultural practices and to a further research programme that investigated the sub-cellular changes responsible for the phenological traits I had discovered.

In 1985, I left United Biscuits (Agriculture) and trained as a teacher, taking up a post in Further Education, first, in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, and then Hull, East Yorkshire.

In 1994, I came to the University of Salford, where I have developed an expertise in ecosystem ecology and urban ecology. I started as a junior lecturer and am now Professor of Ecology. In addition to my teaching and research activities, I lead the Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre within the School of Environment and Life Sciences. Researchers in this centre investigate how the processes of natural variability and man-made change work. Together they take a whole system approach, working at scales from global to local and over timescales from millions of years in the past to the present and into the future.

Our research helps our partners to deliver responsible management of the environment with multiple benefits, for example, conserving wildlife, understanding the consequences of environment and climate change, and the recognizing opportunities provided by urbanization.

I am an editor of two international research journals and review publications for many other journals. I am a board member of the Local Nature Partnership for Greater Manchester and am working on Defra’s Urban Pioneer Delivery Group. For many years I led the Irwell River Catchment Partnership. I chair the Research Board of the Mersey Gateway Environmental Trust. I will shortly take up an appointment as a Trustee of the Lancashire Wildlife Trust. I currently hold honorary positions at the University of Cambridge and the University of Manchester.

Teaching

I support learning on a number of undergraduate and postgraduate programmes within the School of Environment and Life Sciences and across the University. In the sessions I lead for the first years, I concentrate on developing an understanding of the core concepts of ecology and biogeography, and I share my enthusiasm for the natural world (birds, insects, particularly moths).

Much of my teaching focuses on developing the core skills required by practising ecologists. I then build on these in the final year modules to demonstrate how that knowledge is used to address real-world ecological and conservation issues. I lead a module on Habitat Conservation and Restoration where we develop the knowledge and skills acquired in the first two years to address practical conservation issues – creating management plans, conducting surveys, and identifying best practice.

In addition, I lead modules on our MA Wildlife Documentary Production programme, supporting students as they identify and research wildlife stories, turning these into films. I also supervise the production of a number of the final films.

In addition, I present guest lectures on other modules within the School.

Research Interests

At the University of Salford I developed a research programme that led to the establishment of Ecological Networks in the UK and Italy. Using this as a basis, I worked to expand those ideas into urban areas which led to the creation of the Greater Manchester Ecological Framework. These landscape-scale approaches were forerunners to what is now called ‘the Ecosystem Approach’ and my research has developed to incorporate studies of ecosystem services that are delivered by diverse habitats (salt marsh, brownfield sites, Sustainable Drainage Systems, woodlands, meadows, and lakes and ponds).

My research is also used in the development of landscape-scale conservation and environment improvement interventions in, for example, the River Irwell Catchment (777 km2), the Great Manchester Wetlands Partnership (400 km2) and the Upper Mersey Estuary (1.7 km2). In a new project with the Royal Horticultural Society, Lancashire Wildlife Trust and United Utilities, we are exploring the contributions made by small areas of land – private gardens, office grounds and the like – to the natural capital of cities. What links all of these is the concept of systems – a concept central to ecology and one that can be used in my work to understand many twenty-first-century ecological challenges.

My work informs national and international policy through my involvement with the Local Nature Partnership for Greater Manchester, Defra’s Urban Pioneer Programme, and leading the research committee of an environmental charity.

Qualifications and Memberships

Qualifications

Advanced Certificate in Professional Development Teaching (University of Salford).1997

PGCE Middle Years (CNAA).1986

PhD Biology (University of Wales (Swansea).1985

BSc (Hons) Applied Biology (University of Bradford).1980

Memberships

Chartered Biologist (CBiol)

Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology (FRSB)

Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management (FCIEEM)

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA)

Member of the British Ecological Society

Publications

Articles

Kong, F, Ban, Y, James, P and Dronova, I 2017, 'Modeling stormwater management at the city district level in response to changes in land use and low impact development' , Environmental Modelling & Software, 95, pp. 132-142.

 

 

Dennis, M and James, P 2017, 'Ecosystem services of collectively managed urban gardens: exploring factors affecting synergies and trade-offs at the site level' , Ecosystem Services, 26 (A) , pp. 17-26.

 

 

Yin, H, Kong, F, Middel, A, Xu, H and James, P 2017, 'Cooling effect of direct green façades during hot summer days: an observational study in Nanjing, China using TIR and 3DPC data' , Building and Environment (116), pp. 195-206.

 

 

Dennis, M and James, P 2017, 'Evaluating the relative influence on population health of domestic gardens and green space along a rural-urban gradient' , Landscape and Urban Planning, 157, pp. 343-351.

 

 

Dennis, M and James, P 2016, 'Considerations in the valuation of urban green space: Accounting for user participation' , Ecosystem Services, 21 (Part A), pp. 120-129.

 

 

James, P 2016, 'How animals are adapting to cope with their noisiest neighbours - humans' , The Conversation.

 

 

James, P 2016, 'Why you can expect a spectacular autumn' , The Conversation.

 

 

Mak, C, Scholz, M and James, P 2016, 'Sustainable drainage system site assessment method using urban ecosystem services' , Urban Ecosystems, pp. 1-15.

 

 

Dennis, M, Armitage, RP and James, P 2016, 'Appraisal of social-ecological innovation as an adaptive response by stakeholders to local conditions: mapping stakeholder involvement in horticulture orientated green space management' , Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 18 , pp. 86-94.

 

 

Farina, A and James, P 2016, 'The acoustic communities: definition, description and ecological role', BioSystems, 147, pp. 11-20.

 

 

Yin, H, Kong, F, Hu, Y, James, P, Xu, F and Yu, L 2016, 'Assessing growth scenarios for their landscape ecological security impact, using the SLEUTH urban growth model' , Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 142 (2).

 

 

Dennis, M, Armitage, RP and James, P 2016, 'Social-ecological innovation: adaptive responses to urban environmental conditions , Urban Ecosystems, 19 (3), pp. 1063-1082.

 

 

Dennis, M and James, P 2016, 'Site-specific factors in the production of local urban ecosystem services: a case study of community-managed green space', Ecosystem Services, 17, pp. 208-216.

 

 

Dennis, M and James, P 2015, 'User participation in urban green commons: exploring the links between access, voluntarism, biodiversity and well-being', Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 15, pp. 22-31.

 

 

Jiao, X, Jin, Y, Gunawan, OT and James, P 2015, 'Modelling spatial distribution of outdoor recreation trips of urban residents: An in-depth study in Salford, UK' , International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, 3 (3), pp. 36-49.

 

 

James, P 2015, 'Every citizen scientist will soon have the tools of a specialist' , The Conversation.

 

 

Teixeira, B, Hirsch, A, Goulart, VDLR, Passos, L, Teixeira, C, James, P and Young, RJ 2015, 'Good neighbours: distribution of black-tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) in an urban environment' , Wildlife Research, 42 (7).

 

 

Kong, F, Yin, H, Wang, C, Cavan, G and James, P 2014, 'A satellite image-based analysis of factors contributing to the green-space cool island intensity on a city scale' , Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 13 (4), pp. 846-853.

 

 

Farina, A, James, P, Bobryk, C, Pieretti, N, Lattanzi, E and McWilliam, J 2014, 'Low cost (audio) recording (LCR) for advancing soundscape ecology towards the conservation of sonic complexity and biodiversity in natural and urban landscapes' , Urban Ecosystems, 17 (4), pp. 923-944.

 

 

Blanchet, K and James, P 2014, 'Can international health programmes be sustained after the end of international funding? The case of eye care interventions in Ghana' , BMC Health Services Research, 14 (77).

 

 

Kong, F, Yin, H, James, P, Hutyra, LR and He, HS 2014, 'Effects of spatial pattern of greenspace on urban cooling in a large metropolitan area of eastern China' , Landscape and Urban Planning, 128, pp. 35-47. Item not available from this repository.

 

 

Radford, KG and James, P 2013, 'Changes in the value of ecosystem services along a rural–urban gradient: A case study of Greater Manchester, UK' , Landscape and Urban Planning, 109 (1), pp. 117-127.

 

 

Kong, Fanhua, Yin, Haiwei, Nakagoshi, Nobukazu and James, Philip 2012, 'Simulating urban growth processes incorporating a potential model with spatial metrics' , Ecological Indicators, 20, pp. 82-91.

 

 

Gledhill, DG and James, P 2012, 'Socio-economic variables as indicators of pond conservation value in an urban landscape' , Urban Ecosystems, 15 (4), pp. 849-861.

 

 

Blanchet, Karl and James, Philip 2012, 'The role of social networks in the governance of health systems: the case of eye care systems in Ghana' , Health Policy and Planning.

 

 

Blanchet, K and James, P 2011, 'How to do (or not to do) . . . a social network analysis in health systems research' , Health Policy and Planning, 27 (5), pp. 438-446.

 

 

James, P, Norman, D and Clarke, JJ 2010, 'Avian population dynamics and human induced change in an urban environment' , Urban Ecosystems, 13 (4), pp. 499-515.

 

 

Tzoulas, K and James, P 2010, 'Making biodiversity measures accessible to non-specialists: An innovative method for rapid assessment of urban biodiversity' , Urban Ecosystems, 13 (1), pp. 113-127.

 

 

Tzoulas, K and James, P 2010, 'Peoples’ use of, and concerns about, green space networks: A case study of Birchwood, Warrington New Town, UK' , Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 9 (2), pp. 121-128.

 

 

James, P, Tzoulas, K, Adams, MD, Barber, A, Box, J, Breuste, J, Elmqvist, T, Frith, M, Gordon, C, Greening, KL, Handley, J, Haworth, S, Kazmierczak, AE, Johnston, M, Korpela, K, Moretti, M, Niemela, J, Pauleit, S, Roe, MH, Sadler, JP and Ward Thompson, C 2009, 'Towards an integrated understanding of green space in the European built environment' , Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 8 (2), pp. 65-75.

 

 

Gledhill, DG, James, P and Davies, DH 2008, 'Pond density as a determinant of aquatic species richness in an urban landscape' , Landscape Ecology, 23 (10), pp. 1219-1230.

 

 

James, P 2008, 'Fuzzy planning: the role of actors in a fuzzy governance environment', Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 51 (3), pp. 474-475.

 

 

Kazmierczak, AE and James, P 2008, 'Planning for biodiversity conservation in large urban areas: the Ecological Framework for Greater Manchester' , Salzburger Geographische Arbeiten, 42, pp. 129-149.

 

 

Gledhill, DG and James, P 2008, 'Rethinking urban blue spaces from a landscape perspective: species, scale and the human element' , Salzburger Geographische Arbeiten, 42, pp. 151-164.

 

 

Dodouras, S and James, P 2007, 'Fuzzy cognitive mapping to appraise complex situations' , Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 50 (6), pp. 823-852.

 

 

James, P and Gittins, JW 2007, 'Local landscape character assessment: an evaluation of community-led schemes in Cheshire' , Landscape Research, 32 (4), pp. 423-442.

 

 

Hudson, J and James, P 2007, 'The changing framework for conservation of the historic environment' , Structural Survey, 25 (3/4), pp. 253-264.

 

 

Tzoulas, K, Korpela, K, Venn, S, Yli-Pelkonen, V, Kazmierczak, A, Niemela, J and James, P 2007, 'Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using green infrastructure: A literature review' , Landscape and Urban Planning, 81 (3), pp. 167-178.

 

 

Syrbe, R, Bastian, O, Roder, M and James, P 2007, 'A framework for monitoring landscape functions: The Saxon Academy Landscape Monitoring Approach (SALMA), exemplified by soil investigations in the Kleine Spree floodplain (Saxony, Germany)' , Landscape and Urban Planning, 79 (2), p. 190.

 

 

James, P and Dodouras, S 2006, 'Athens 2004 Olympiad: systems ideas to map multidisciplinary views – reporting on the views of the host community' , Systemist, 28 (2), 70 - 81.

 

 

Yuan, W, James, P and Yang, K 2006, 'Impact of urbanization on structure and function of river system - case study of Shanghai, China' , Chinese Geographical Science, 16 (2), pp. 102-108.

 

 

Shi, C, Guo, ZY and James, P 2004, 'Application of artificical neural network in complex systems of regional sustainable development' , Chinese Geographical Science, 14 (1), pp. 1-8.

 

 

James, P and Gittins, J 2004, 'Breaking new ground in Burwardsley: Testing the landscape character assessment guidance at parish level' , The countryside character network newsletter (14), pp. 8-11.

 

 

Yuan, W, James, P, Hodgson, K, Hutchinson, SM and Shi, C 2003, 'Development of sustainability indicators by communities in China: a case study of Chongming County, Shanghai' , Journal of Environmental Management, 68 (3) , pp. 253-262. Item not available from this repository.

 

 

Yuan, W, Yang, K and James, P 2003, 'Community sustainable development indicators systems in China: a case study of Chongming County' , Shanghai Geographical Research, 22 (4), pp. 484-494.

 

 

James, P and Boothby, J 2002, 'Frameworks, networks and the UK regional agenda: nature planning for landscapes?' , Landscape Research, 27 (4), pp. 325-342.

 

 

Yuan, W and James, P 2002, 'Evolution of the Shanghai city region 1978–1998: an analysis of indicators' , Journal of Environmental Management, 64 (3), p. 299.

 

 

James, P and Donaldson, S 2001, 'Action for sustainability: Northwest England’s tool for regional strategic sustainability appraisal' , Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 3 (3), pp. 413-430.

 

 

Nwachukwu, SC, James, P and Gurney, TR 2001, 'Impacts of crude oil on the germination and growth of cress seeds (Lepidium sp.) after bioremediation of agricultural soil polluted with crude petroleum using "adapted" Pseudomonas putida' , Journal of environmental biology, 22 (1), pp. 29-36.

 

 

Nwachukwu, SCU, James, P and Gurney, TR 2001, 'Impacts of Crude Oil on the Germination and Growth of Cress Seeds (Lepidium sp.) after Bioremediation of Agricultural Soil Polluted with Crude Petroleum using "adapted" Pseudomonas Putida' , Journal of environmental biology, 22 (1), pp. 29-36.

 

 

Nwachukwu, SCU, James, P and Gurney, TR 2001, 'Inorganic nutrient utilisation by "adapted" Pseudomonas putida strain used in the bioremediation of agricultural soil polluted with crude petroleum' , Journal of environmental biology, 22 (3), pp. 153-162.

 

 

James, P, Ashley, J and Evans, A 2000, 'Ecological networks: Connecting environmental, economic and social systems?' , Landscape Research, 25 (3), pp. 345-353.

 

 

James, P 2000, 'The influence of a period of environment-orientated work experience on students' perception of their learning style' , Environmental Education Research, 6 (2), pp. 157-165.

 

 

James, P 'Progressive development of deep learning skills through undergraduate and postgraduate dissertations' , Educational Studies, 24 (1), pp. 95-105.

 

 

James, P and Bound, D 'Urban morphology types and open space distribution in urban core areas' .

 

Book Sections

James, P, Law, BA and Redhead, N 2016, 'Visualising ecosystem services using historical publications' , in: Urban Landscape Ecology: Science, Policy and Practice, Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon, pp. 245-259.

 

 

James, P 2015, 'Telling wildlife’s story: the role of soundscape on film' , in: Il Suono Percepito, Il Suono Raccontato, Serie Soundscapes (1), Galaad Edizioni, pp. 151-170.

 

 

Tzoulas, K, James, P, Price, E and Wheater, P 2015, 'What are the European legal duties to conserve biodiversity in university campuses?' , in: Integrating Sustainability Thinking in Science and Engineering Curricula: Innovative Approaches, Methods and Tools Series, World Sustainability Series (2199-7373), Springer, pp. 413-424.

 

 

James, P 2010, 'Urban flora: Historic, contemporary and future trends' , in: Urban Biodiversity and Design, Conservation Science and Practice Series, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 177-190.

 

 

Kazmierczak, AE, Armitage, RP and James, P 2010, 'Urban green spaces: natural and accessible? The case of Greater Manchester, UK' , in: Urban Biodiversity and Design, Conservation Science and Practice Series, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 383-405.

 

 

James, P and Gardner, E 2009, 'The role of privately owned sports related green spaces in urban ecological frameworks' , in: Sport, recreation and green space in the European city, SKS Kirjat, Helsinki, pp. 161-170.

 

Monographs

James, P 2011, Changing attitudes to nature: first love, separation and pre-nuptial agreements , Discussion Paper, University of Salford, Salford.

 

 

James, P and Turner, AR 1997, Measuring the development of deep learning , Project Report, University of Salford.  

 

Conference or Workshop Items

Enya, Osim, Lin, C and James, P 2017, Effects of heavy metal contamination in saltmarsh and reed bed on carbon sequestration , in: Salford Postgraduate Annual Research Conference (SPARC), 29th June 2017, Media City.

 

 

James, P 2017, Funding environmental management and research over the long term: the Mersey Gateway case study , in: IALE(UK) Annual Conference: 25 Years of Landscape Ecology, 27-29 June 2017, Manchester Metropolitan University.

 

 

James, P 2017, Modelling the urban environment through ecological eyes: challenges of modelling nature , in: AUM 2017: symposium on Applied Urban Modelling, 22-23 June 2017, Robinson College, Cambridge.

 

 

James, P 2015, Urban ecosystems: Challenges for applied urban modelling , in: The 5th Symposium on Applied Urban Modelling (AUM) 2015, 24-26 June 2015, University of Cambridge. Item not available from this repository.

 

 

James, P, Millward, A, Morrison, K, Bishop, OJ and Dennis, Matthew 2013, Changing urban areas using landscape scale ecological processes and thinking , in: Changing urban areas using landscape scale ecological processes and thinking, A symposium as part of the IALE European Congress 2013, Manchester.

 

 

Mak, C, James, P and Miklas, S 2013, Linking sustainable drainage systems (SuDS), ecosystem services and disservices using a communication and planning tool: New connections in urban ecology , in: 1st Congress of the Society for Urban Ecology, 25-27 July 2013, Berlin, Germany.

 

 

Mak, C, James, P and Scholz, M 2013, Linking sustainable drainage systems (SuDS) and ecosystem services: New connections in urban ecology , in: Water for the future – A practical knowledge exchange, 20 June 2013, Hindu Gujarat Centre, Preston.

 

 

Mak, C, James, P and Scholz, M 2012, Linking sustainable urban drainage systems (SuDS) and ecosystem services: New connections in urban ecology , in: British Ecological Society Annual Meeting (18-20 December 2012), 18-20 Dec 2012, University of Birmingham.

 

 

Gunawan, OT, Armitage, RP and James, P 2012, Creating and index of Urban Environmental Quality: a pixel-based approach , in: Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society Annual Conference 2012, 12th - 14th September 2012, University of Greenwich.

 

 

Mak, C, James, P and Scholz, M 2012, Resilient ecosystem service assessments for sustainable drainage systems , in: College Research Showcase Day, 20th June 2012, Media City, University of Salford.

 

 

Smith, DJ, Oldfield, P and James, P 2012, Cultural values of semi-natural greenspace. A case study of conservation grazing , in: College of Science and Technology Research Showcase, 21th June 2012, University of Salford.

 

 

Mak, C, James, P and Scholz, M 2012, Resilient ecosystem service assessments for sustainable drainage systems (SuDS) , in: College of Science and Technology Research Showcase Day, 20th June 2012, University of Salford, Greater Manchester, UK.

 

 

James, Philip 2011, The importance of biodiversity in cities and ecosystem services , in: Conferencia Biodiversidade em Ambiente Urbano, 23rd November 2011, Lisbon.

 

 

James, P, Greening, K and Champion, M 2011, Fresh air: people cannot get enough of it , in: Sustainable Well-Being, 10 Sept 2011, Wrexham.

 

 

Conroy, C, James, P, Weinberg, A and Bendall, RCA 2011, Why don’t you go for a walk at lunchtime when you know it’s good for you? , in: Sustainable Well-Being, 10 Sept 2011, Wrexham.

 

 

James, P 2011, People watching nature: “it’s all in the umwelt!” and “how do we value a view?” , in: As Yet Impossible: in human performance symposium, 9-10 May 2011, The Lowry & Media City, Salford Quays.

 

 

Radford, KG and James, P 2011, Changes in the values of ecosystem services along a rural-urban gradient , in: Synthesizing different perspectives on the value of urban ecosystem services, 15 - 16 July 2011, Lodz, Poland.

 

 

Wallbank, NJ and James, P 2011, The value of naturalistic urban planting in Runcorn, UK , in: College of Science and Technology Research Showcase, 16th June 2011, University of Salford.

 

 

Smith, DJ and James, P 2010, Drivers of change - regenerating saltmarsh using conservation cattle in an urban environment , in: Coastal Ecology Workshop 2010, 29 September - 3 October 2010 2010, Conwy, Wales.

 

 

Smith, DJ and James, P 2010, Drivers of change – regenerating saltmarsh using conservation grazing cattle in an industrialised area. , in: Salford Postgraduate Annual Research Conference, 10 - 11 June 2010, The University of Salford, Salford, United Kingdom.

 

 

Wallbank, NJ and James, P 2010, Urban vegetation and the drivers for change: a case study of Runcorn, UK , in: COBRA 2010, 2nd - 3rd September 2010, Paris.

 

 

Wallbank, NJ and James, P 2010, The resilience of urban green infrastructure: a case study of Runcorn, UK , in: Urban green space postgraduate colloquium, 2nd June 2010, Leeds Metropolitan University.

 

 

Wallbank, NJ and James, P 2010, The resilience of urban trees , in: Forestclim mid-term conference 'European Forestry- Fit for climate change?', 21-22 September 2010, Palais de congres in Nancy, France.

 

 

James, P, Norman, D and Clarke, JJ 2009, Avian population dynamics and human induced change in an urban environment , in: 2nd European Congress of Conservation Biology, 01-05 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic.

 

 

Kazmierczak, AE, James, P and Richardson, D 2009, Comprehensive conservation in urban environments: An ecological framework for Greater Manchester, UK , in: 2nd European Congress of Conservation Biology, 01-05 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic.

 

 

Gledhill, DG and James, P 2009, Pond networks in an urban context , in: 2nd European Congress of Conservation Biology, 01-05 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic.

 

 

James, P, Tzoulas, K, Adams, MD, Barber, A, Box, J, Breuste, J, Elmqvist, T, Frith, M, Gordon, C, Greening, K, Haworth, S, Kazmierczak, AE, Johnston, M, Korpela, K, Moretti, M, Niemela, J, Pauleit, S, Roe, MH, Sadler, JP and Thompson, CW 2009, An international research agenda for urban green , in: International Symposium on Urban Wildlife, 21 - 24 June 2009, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA.

 

 

Scott, AV, Armitage, RP and James, P 2009, A multiple-analysis approach for highlighting conservation opportunities in an urban landscape , in: 2nd European Congress of Conservation Biology, 01-05 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic.

 

 

Wallbank, NJ and James, P 2009, An uncertain future for urban woodlots , in: 2nd European Congress of Conservation Biology, 01-05 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic.

 

 

Radford, KG and James, P 2009, The urban environment: quantifying ecosystem services at the neighbourhood scale , in: 2nd European Congress of Conservation Biology, 01-05 September 2009, Prague, Czech Republic.

 

 

Kazmierczak, AE and James, P 2008, Biodiversity and usability of green spaces in Greater Manchester, UK , in: Third Conference of the Competence Network Urban Ecology Urban Biodiversity & Design: Implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity in towns and cities, 20-24th May 2008, Erfurt, Germany.

 

 

James, P, Warren, J and Greening, K 2008, Delivering cleaner, greener, safer city environments: Youth Roots Manchester , in: Third Conference of the Competence Network Urban Ecology Urban Biodiversity & Design: Implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity in towns and cities, 20-24th May 2008, Erfurt, Germany.

 

 

Scott, AV and James, P 2008, Understanding species dispersal in an urban green infrastructure , in: 15th Annual IALE(UK) Conference: Landscape Ecology and Conservation, 2008, Murray Edwards College Cambridge.

 

 

James, P 2008, Urban Flora: historic, contemporary and future trends , in: Third Conference of the Competence Network Urban Ecology Urban Biodiversity & Design: Implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity in towns and cities, 20-24th May 2008, Erfurt, Germany.

 

 

James, P 2008, Urban green spaces in the mid-21st century scenarios and trajectories for the future cityscapes – case study of a North European city , in: Urban Green Spaces - A Key for sustainable cities, 17th - 18th April, 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria.

 

 

Kazmierczak, AE, James, P and Armitage, RP 2008, Urban green spaces: natural and accessible? , in: Third Conference of the Competence Network Urban Ecology: Urban Biodiversity and Design, 20-24th May 2008, Erfurt, Germany.

 

 

Kazmierczak, AE and James, P 2008, Urban green spaces: natural and usable? , in: Urban Green Spaces - A Key for sustainable cities, 17th - 18th April, 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria.

 

 

Kazmierczak, AE and James, P 2007, Applicability of metapopulation theory to biodiversity conservation efforts in Greater Manchester , in: IALE World Congress - 25 Years of Landscape Ecology: Scientific Principles in Practice, 8th - 12th July 2007, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

 

 

Scott, AV and James, P 2007, What is landscape-scale conservation and how does it apply to urban regeneration? , in: 7th International Postgraduate Research Conference in the Built and Human Environment., 28th - 29th March 2007, University of Salford, Greater Manchester.

 

 

Kazmierczak, AE and James, P 2007, The role of urban green spaces in improving social inclusion , in: 7th International Postgraduate Research Conference in the Built and Human Environment., 28th - 29th March 2007, University of Salford, Greater Manchester.

 

 

Gledhill, DG, James, P and Davies, DH 2006, Biodiversity, landscape and people in the conservation of urban blue spaces: a case study of ponds in the Northwest of England , in: 1st European Congress of Conservation Biology, 22nd - 26th August 2006, Eger, Hungary.

 

 

Gledhill, DG, James, P and Davies, DH 2006, Ponds, people and the built environment: A socio-ecological perspective of a new town development , in: Water and the Landscape, IALE, September 2006, Oxford Brookes University.

 

 

Dodouras, S and James, P 2005, Participative and integrative techniques to improve multidisciplinary communication: a precursor to producing sustainability profile indicators , in: Environmental Accounting: Sustainable Development Indicators, 25th - 27th September 2005, Prague.

 

 

Kazmierczak, AE and James, P 2005, Planning for ecology: A Greater Manchester case study , in: Thirteenth Annual IALE(UK) Conference: Planning, People and Practice. The landscape ecology of sustainable landscapes, 13-15 September 2005, The University of Northampton.

 

 

Tzoulas, K and James, P 2005, Surrogate measures for urban biodiversity, and human health and well-being , in: 5th International Postgraduate Research Conference, 14th-15th April 2005, University of Salford.

 

 

Tzoulas, K and James, P 2005, Urban biodiversity and human health and well-being: An integrative case study , in: Conference on Health and Biodiversity, 23 -25 August 2005, Galway, Ireland.

 

 

Gledhill, DG, James, P and Davies, DH 2005, Urban pond: A landscape of multiple meanings , in: 5th International Postgraduate Research Conference in The Built and Human Environment, 14th-15th April 2005, University of Salford.

 

 

Dodouras, S and James, P 2004, Examining the sustainability impacts of mega-sports events: fuzzy mapping as a new integrated appraisal system , in: 4th International Postgraduate Research Conference in the Built and Human Environment, 29th March - 2nd April 2004, Salford.

 

 

Tzoulas, K and James, P 2004, Finding links between urban biodiversity and human health and well-being , in: 4th International Postgraduate Research Conference, 1st-2nd April 2004, University of Salford.

 

 

James, P, Hamilton, A, Curwell, S and Fernando, T 2004, Virtual Environments - Enhancing the decision making process in urban planning using GIS data and virtual reality , in: The Urban Dimensions of Environmental Change, 25-27 May 2004, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

 

 

Tzoulas, K and James, P 2003, Finding the links between biodiversity in urban green space and human well-being , in: British Ecological Society Annual Meeting, 9 - 11 September 2003, Manchester Metropolitan University.

 

 

James, P, North, M and Clarke, S 2002, Ecological frameworks and biodiversity action plans - making the link , in: 11th annual IALE(UK) conference, 10th - 13th September 2002, University of East Anglia.

 

 

James, P and North, M 2000, Ecological frameworks: The Cheshire example , in: Society for Conservation Biology 16th Annual meeting, 14-19 July 2000, University of Kent at Canterbury.

 

Books

Douglas, I and James, P 2015, Urban ecology: An introduction , Routledge.

 

 

Niemelä, J, Breuste, JH, Elmqvist, T, Guntenspergen, G, James, P and McIntyre, NE 2011, Urban Ecology - patterns, processes, and applications , Oxford University Press, Oxford.